Pavlov revival

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thejeopardyfan
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Pavlov revival

Post by thejeopardyfan » Tue Nov 01, 2011 12:17 am

I'm collecting "Pavlovs" of recurring Jeopardy! material. I wondered if we could publish them here again for all of us. I have several from the previous boards: Opera and Classical, Royalty, Art and Artists, Gods and Mythology, Sailors and Explorers, Saints and Sainthood, Trails and Trailblazers. Did we ever have one for Shakespeare? I could use one of those, myself.
(I can copy and paste what I do have, as long as it's understood that of course I did not come up with them myself!) :)
Thanks in advance.

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Re: Pavlov revival

Post by dhkendall » Tue Nov 01, 2011 1:20 am

thejeopardyfan wrote:I'm collecting "Pavlovs" of recurring Jeopardy! material. I wondered if we could publish them here again for all of us. I have several from the previous boards: Opera and Classical, Royalty, Art and Artists, Gods and Mythology, Sailors and Explorers, Saints and Sainthood, Trails and Trailblazers. Did we ever have one for Shakespeare? I could use one of those, myself.
(I can copy and paste what I do have, as long as it's understood that of course I did not come up with them myself!) :)
Thanks in advance.
I also have "Pavlov by Country", "Sports Pavlov" (I know I'll need that one!), and "Poets and Poetry" (probably the closest we got to a Billy Shakespeare Pavlov) that were pulled off the old board (thank you, forgotten boardie who did that. Even if they are reposted here, though, I won't lose my hard-drive copy in favour of the board one, though. Once bitten and all that ... )
"Jeopardy! is two parts luck and one part luck" - Me

"The way to win on Jeopardy is to be a rabidly curious, information-omnivorous person your entire life." - Ken Jennings

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thejeopardyfan
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Re: Pavlov revival

Post by thejeopardyfan » Tue Nov 01, 2011 5:55 am

Okay, I asked mrbungle (who had e-mailed me the Pavlovs) if I could copy and paste them, and he said yes! I noticed, though, that I only have a hard copy of the Royalty Pavlov list. Does anyone have it, to share? And dhkendall, I am interested in your Pavlov lists! :)

jeopardy pavlov: opera & classical

on the opera front, start with the biggies:

giuseppe verdi (italian)

giacomo puccini (italian)

richard wagner (german)

wolfgang amadeus mozart (austrian)

they are pretty much the only ones for whom you need to know multiple operas.

read their wikipedia entries. get a sense of the plots of their
different operas. they are the most commonly appearing opera composers
on jeopardy, so spending time developing mnemonics for their operatic
works will really pay off and will build your confidence.

after you have a handle on them, go to the opera composers who are
generally associated on the show with pretty much only one or two
operas. i find it easiest to group them in my head by nationality...

ITALIAN

gioachino rossini (the barber of seville, william tell)

ruggero leoncavallo (pagliacci)

gaetano donizetti (lucia di lammermoor, the daughter of the regiment)

pietro mascagni (cavalleria rusticana)

FRENCH

georges bizet (carmen)

jacques "opera bouffe" offenbach (tales of hoffman, orpheus in the underworld)

hector berlioz (les troyens)

charles gounod (faust)

CZECH

bedrich smetana (the bartered bride)

AUSTRIAN

alban berg (wozzeck)

GERMAN

ludwig van beethoven (fidelio)

richard strauss (salome, der rosenkavalier, elektra)

engelbert humperdinck (hansel and gretel)

UK

benjamin britten (billy budd)

USA

george gershwin (porgy and bess)

gian carlo menotti (amahl and the night visitors)

philip glass (einstein on the beach)

john adams (nixon in china)

RUSSIAN

pyotr ilyich tchaikovsky (eugene onegin, the queen of spades)

modest mussorgsky (boris godunov)

alexander borodin (prince igor)

a good way to approach classical music in general is by nationality,
since there are certain composers who are synonymous on jeopardy with
the classical music of a particular country. here are the most notorious
ones:

NORWAY = edvard "peer gynt" grieg

FINLAND = jean "finlandia" sibelius

POLAND = frederic "lover of george sand" chopin

CZECHOSLOVAKIA = antonin "new world symphony" dvorak

HUNGARY (19th century) = franz "wagner's father in law" liszt

HUNGARY (20th century) = bela "magyar folk music" bartok

ARMENIA = aram khachaturian

most jeopardy classical music questions are about the big boys of
germany and austria. and it would probably be worth your time to read
the wikipedia pages of the biggest of them all:

johann sebastian bach (german, 1685-1750)

wolfgang amadeus mozart (austrian, 1756-1791)

ludwig van beethoven (german, 1770-1827)

in the same way that verdi, puccini, wagner, and mozart represent the
core of jeopardy opera questions, bach, mozart, and beethoven represent
the core of jeopardy classical music questions. and as with all things
jeopardy, they are reducible to pretty simple associations, such as
"german baroque master" = bach, "austrian child prodigy" = mozart, and
"deaf romantic master" = beethoven. you can search the archive by word,
so if you just do a search of, say, "beethoven" (http://www.j-archive.com/search.php?...&submit=Search),
you will see that most of the questions about him reference his 3rd
symphony (the "eroica" symphony), his 6th symphony (the "pastoral"
symphony), or his 9th symphony (the "choral" symphony, which contains
the famed "ode to joy" passage).

for the other composers, each has only a few things that would ever be used to signify him on jeopardy. some examples:

GERMAN

"the one of 'the 3 Bs' who isn't bach or beethoven" & "lullaby" = johannes brahms

"wedding march" = felix mendelssohn

"canon in d" = johann pachelbel

"messiah" & "water music" = george frideric handel (german-english)

"thus spake zarathustra" = richard strauss

"spring symphony" & pianist wife clara = robert schumann

"carmina burana" = carl orff

AUSTRIAN

"waltzes" in general & "the blue danube waltz" in particular = johann strauss ii

"lieder composer" & "unfinished symphony" = franz schubert

"surprise symphony" & the nickname "papa" = joseph haydn

"symphony of a thousand" & "husband of alma schindler" = gustav mahler

the concept of "atonalism" = arnold schoenberg

FRENCH

"prelude to the afternoon of a faun" & "la mer" & "clair de lune" = claude debussy

"bolero" = maurice ravel

"the carnival of the animals" & "danse macabre" = camille saint-saens

"symphonie fantastique" = hector berlioz

"ave maria" = charles gounod

UK

"the planets" = gustav holst

"pomp and circumstance" = edward elgar

USA

"rhapsody in blue" & "an american in paris" = george gershwin

"appalachian spring" & "rodeo" & "fanfare for the common man" = aaron copland

"grand canyon suite" = ferde grofe

"4?33?" of silence & the american avant-garde = john cage

RUSSIAN

"1812 overture" = pyotr ilyich tchaikovsky

"flight of the bumblebee" = nikolai rimsky-korsakov

"night on bald mountain" = modest mussorgsky

"peter and the wolf" = sergei prokofiev

"leningrad symphony" = dmitri shostakovich

references to the notion of piano virtuosity = sergei rachmaninoff

ITALIAN

"the four seasons" = antonio vivaldi

references to the notion of violin virtuosity = niccolo paganini


and let's just wedge in russian ballet composers here:

pyotr ilyich tchaikovsky (nutcracker, swan lake, sleeping beauty)

igor stravinsky (firebird, rite of spring, petrushka)

nikolai rimsky-korsakov (scheherazade)



on the subject of russian ballet dancers, there are only four names to know:

anna pavlova (1881-1931, associated with "the dying swan")

vaslav nijinsky (1890-1950, associated with russian ballet impresario sergei diaghilev)

rudolf nureyev (1938-1993, associated with english prima ballerina margot fonteyn)

mikhail baryshnikov (1948-, associated with defection to canada in 1974,
the movie "white nights," and the stupid tv show "sex and the city")

american ballet:

"accidental automotive scarf/shawl-related death" = isadora duncan

"modern dance" dancer/choreographer & died in 1991 = martha graham

"rodeo" choreographer & niece of cecil b. de mille = agnes de mille

"fancy free" choreographer & "west side story" = jerome robbins

"osage (oklahoma) heritage" & married to george balanchine & sister marjorie = maria tallchief

"all that jazz" choreographer/director & "cabaret" = bob fosse

the term "operetta" typically implies the collaboration of librettist
william schwenck "w.s." gilbert (english) and composer arthur sullivan
(english). savoy is the theatre. works include "h.m.s. pinafore," "the
pirates of penzance," "the mikado," "the yeomen of the guard," "the
gondoliers," and "thespis" (their first collaboration).

less typically, the term "operetta" might refer to "die fledermaus (the
bat)" of johann "the waltz king" strauss ii (austrian) or "the merry
widow" of franz lehar (austro–hungarian).

jeopardy pavlov: art & artists

hundreds of years of western art history, reduced to this. additions?

AMERICAN

portrait of paul revere & "watson and the shark" = john singleton copley (1738-1815)

early american neoclassicist & "the death of general wolfe" = benjamin west (1738-1820)

had sons named rembrandt, raphaelle, and titian = charles willson peale (1741-1827)

portraits of george washington = gilbert stuart (1755-1828)

"peaceable kingdom" = edward hicks (1780-1849)

bird illustrations = john james audubon (1785-1851)

code/telegraph inventor who was also a painter and photographer = samuel morse (1791-1872)

the hudson river school = thomas cole (1801-1848)

civil war photographer = mathew brady (1822-1896)

"whistler's mother"/"arrangement in grey and black, no. 2" = james whistler (1834-1903)

seascapes = winslow homer (1836-1910)

political cartoons = thomas nast (1840-1902)

american impressionist = mary cassatt (1844-1926)

philadelphia painter & "the gross clinic" = thomas eakins (1844-1916)

lincoln memorial & "minute man" sculpture = daniel chester french (1850-1931)

portraits of the socially prominent = john singer sargent (1856-1925)

old lady painter = grandma moses (1860-1961)

wild west sculptures = frederic remington (1861-1909)

montana cowboy sculptor who isn't frederic remington = charles marion russell (1864-1926)

the ashcan school = robert henri (1865-1929)

mt. rushmore & stone mountain = gutzon borglum (1867-1941)

"gibson girl" = charles dana gibson (1867-1944)

"nighthawks" = edward hopper (1882-1967)

andrew wyeth's father = newell convers "n.c." wyeth (1882-1945)

american southwest & flowers & cow skulls = georgia o'keeffe (1887-1986)

missouri-born muralist = thomas hart benton (1889-1975)

dada photographer = man ray (1890-1976)

"american gothic" & iowa = grant wood (1891-1942)

saturday evening post = norman rockwell (1894-1978)

depression photographer = dorothea lange (1895-1965)

mobiles = alexander calder (1898-1976)

nature photographer = ansel adams (1902-1984)

russian-born abstract painter of bands of color = mark rothko (1903-1970)

life magazine photojournalist = margaret bourke-white (1904-1971)

wife of jackson pollock = lee krasner (1908-1984)

abstract-expressionist drip painter = jackson pollock (1912-1956)

"christina's world" & helga = andrew wyeth (1917-2009)

sports artist = leroy neiman (1921-)

freak photographer = diane arbus (1923-1971)

blown-up comic books = roy lichtenstein (1923-1997)

macabre illustrations = edward gorey (1925-2000)

non-traditional materials = robert rauschenberg (1925-2008)

pop art = andy warhol (1928-1987)

swedish-born pop sculptor of giant versions of common objects = claes oldenburg (1929-)

"three flags" = jasper johns (1930-)

"the dinner party" = judy chicago (1939-)

obscenity = robert mapplethorpe (1946-1989)

rolling stone celebrity photographer = annie leibovitz (1949-)

self-portrait photographer = cindy sherman (1954-)

nyc street art = keith haring (1958-1990)

"painter of light" = thomas kinkade (1958-)

haitian-american graffiti artist = jean-michel basquiat (1960-1988)


GREEK

5th century bc greek sculptor & statue of zeus at olympia = phidias (5th century bc)

5th century bc greek sculptor & "discobolus" (the discus thrower) = myron (5th century bc)

4th century bc greek sculptor & aphrodite of cnidus = praxiteles (4th century bc)


ITALIAN

florentine forerunner of the renaissance = giotto di bondone (1267-1337)

bronze doors of the florentine baptistry = lorenzo ghiberti (1378-1455)

the other "david" sculptor = donatello (1386-1466)

monastic florentine fresco painter = fra filippo lippi (1406-1469)

"the birth of venus" & "primavera" = sandro botticelli (1445-1510)

"mona lisa" & "last supper" = leonardo da vinci (1452-1519)

"sistine chapel" & "david" = michelangelo buonarroti (1475-1564)

"school of athens" = raphael (1483-1520)

the subject of a robert browning poem = andrea del sarto (1486-1531)

venetian painter of nudes = titian (1490-1576)

florentine sculptor of perseus holding medusa's head = benvenuto cellini (1500-1571)

mannerist & "self-portrait in a convex mirror" = parmigianino (1503-1540)

venetian whose name means "little dyer" = tintoretto (1518-1594)

"bacchus" = caravaggio (1571-1610)

st. peter's basilica = gian lorenzo bernini (1598-1680)

venetian landscapes = canaletto (1697-1768)

elongated women = amedeo modigliani (1884-1920)


FLEMISH/BELGIAN

"ghent altarpiece" = jan van eyck (1395-1441)

"landscape with the fall of icarus" = peter bruegel the elder (1525-1569)

nicknamed "hell" = peter bruegel the younger (1564-1636)

flemish painter of large women = peter paul rubens (1577-1640)

the beard & court painter for charles i = anthony van dyck (1599-1641)

belgian surrealist & bowler hats = rene magritte (1898-1967)


DUTCH

"garden of earthly delights" triptych = hieronymus bosch (1450-1516)

"laughing cavalier" & "jolly toper" = frans hals (1580-1666)

"the night watch" & "aristotle contemplating the bust of homer"
& "the anatomy lesson of dr. tulp" & many self-portraits =
rembrandt van rijn (1606-1669)

"girl with a pearl earring" = johannes vermeer (1632-1675)

cut off his ear & brother theo & "starry night" & "night
cafe" & "the potato eaters" = vincent van gogh (1853-1890)

de stijl & "broadway boogie woogie" = piet mondrian (1872-1944)

optical illusions = m.c. escher (1898-1972)

dutch-american abstract expressionist = willem de kooning (1904-1997)


GERMAN

father of hans holbein the younger = hans holbein the elder (1460–1524)

"self-portrait" (1500) = albrecht durer (1471-1528)

portraitist for henry viii = hans holbein the younger (1498–1543)



SPANISH

born on crete & "view of toledo" = el greco (1541-1614)

"las meninas" & court painter to king philip iv = diego velazquez (1599-1660)

"the third of may 1808" & "naked maja" & "the duchess of alba" = francisco goya (1746-1828)

founder of cubism & "les demoiselles d'avignon" & "guernica" = pablo picasso (1881-1973)

non-picasso spanish cubist = juan gris (1887-1927)

barcelona surrealist = joan miro (1893-1983)

founder of surrealism & "the persistence of memory" = salvador dali (1904-1989)



FRENCH

rococo & "pilgrimage to cythera" = antoine watteau (1684-1721)

rococo & "the swing" = jean-honore fragonard (1732-1806)

sculpture of voltaire = jean-antoine houdon (1741-1828)

court painter to napoleon & "death of marat" & "the oath of the horatii" = jacques-louis david (1748-1825)

"the raft of the medusa" = theodore gericault (1791-1824)

"liberty leading the people" = eugene delacroix (1798-1863)

the barbizon school & "the gleaners" = jean-francois millet (1814-1875)

leader of realism movement = gustave courbet (1819-1877)

at every impressionist exhibition = camille pissarro (1830-1903)

"luncheon on the grass" & "olympia" & "bar at the folies-bergere" = edouard manet (1832-1883)

paintings of dancers = edgar degas (1834-1917)

statue of liberty = frederic bartholdi (1834-1904)

postimpressionist father of modern art & still lifes & "mont sainte-victoire" & "bathers" = paul cezanne (1839-1906)

"the thinker" & "the kiss" (sculpture) & "the burghers of calais" & "the gates of hell" = auguste rodin (1840-1917)

founder of impressionism & "impression: sunrise" & "water lilies" & giverny = claude monet (1840-1926)

first female impressionist & sister-in-law of manet = berthe morisot (1841-1895)

limoges-born impressionist & "luncheon of the boating party" &
father of director jean renoir = pierre-auguste renoir (1841-1919)

primitivism = henri rousseau (1844-1910)

tahiti & "where do we come from? what are we? where are we going?" = paul gauguin (1848-1903)

pointillism & "a sunday afternoon on the island of la grande jatte" = georges seurat (1859-1891)

shortness & "at the moulin rouge" = henri de toulouse-lautrec (1864-1901)

fauvism & "joie de vivre" = henri matisse (1869-1954)

french cubist = georges braque (1882-1963)

dada & "nude descending a staircase" & "fountain" urinal & mustachioed mona lisa = marcel duchamp (1887-1968)



BRITISH

"the rake's progress" = william hogarth (1697-1764)

portraitist & first president of the royal academy of arts = joshua reynolds (1723-1792)

"the blue boy" = thomas gainsborough (1727-1788)

landscapes & seascapes = j.m.w. turner (1775-1851)

landscapes & "the haywain" = john constable (1776-1837)

pre-raphaelite = dante gabriel rossetti (1828-1882)

art noveau illustrator = aubrey beardsley (1872-1898)

british sculptor = henry moore (1898-1986)

controversial painter & descendant of the 17th century essayist = francis bacon (1909-1992)

painter grandson of sigmund freud = lucian freud (1922-)

paintings of swimmers/swimming pools = david hockney (1937-)



AUSTRIAN

"the kiss" (painting) = gustav klimt (1862-1918)



NORWEGIAN

"the scream" = edvard munch (1863-1944)



RUSSIAN

abstract russian = wassily kandinsky (1866-1944)

jewish russian = marc chagall (1887-1985)



ROMANIAN

romanian sculptor = constantin brancusi (1876-1957)



SWISS

swiss painter = paul klee (1879-1940)

swiss sculptor = alberto giacometti (1901-1966)



MEXICAN

mexican muralist & husband of frida kahlo = diego rivera (1886-1957)

mexican painter & wife of diego rivera = frida kahlo (1907-1954)



VENEZUELAN

south american sculptor = marisol escobar (1930-)



BULGARIAN

wrap artist = christo (1935-)

jeopardy pavlov: gods & mythology

corrections/additions?

GREEK GODS

king of the gods = zeus

queen of the gods & goddess of marriage & peacock lover = hera

god of the sea and earthquakes = poseidon

god of the underworld = hades

goddess of love & wife of hephaestus = aphrodite

god of love = eros

god of metalworking & husband of aphrodite = hephaestus

god of war & had fling with aphrodite = ares

goddess of wisdom & owl lover = athena

goddess of the hunt, chastity, and childbirth & twin sister of apollo & virginal goddess = artemis

god of the sun, music, prophecy, shepherds, and archery & twin brother of artemis = apollo

goddess of grain and the harvest = demeter

god of wine = dionysus

messenger of the gods & winged sandals & caduceus staff = hermes

goddess of the hearth = hestia

goddess of the underworld & daughter of demeter & pomegranate seeds = persephone

messenger of the sea & son of poseidon & conch shell trumpet = triton

goddess of victory = nike

god of the sun & colossus of rhodes = helios

son of helios & crashed helios's chariot = phaeton

goddess of the moon = selene

goddess of the rainbow = iris

goddesses of vengeance & aka the eumenides = the furies

god of woods and pastures & pan pipe & satyr/goat = pan

god of the winds = aeolus

god of the west wind & son of aeolus = zephyrus

god of medicine = asclepius

god of sleep = hypnos

god of dreams = morpheus

god of death = thanatos

embodiment of fear & son of ares and aphrodite = phobos

embodiment of terror & son of ares and aphrodite = deimos

shape-shifting god = proteus

many-breasted pre-hellenic cult image of artemis = artemis of ephesus

father of the titans & god of the sky = uranus

mother of the titans & goddess of the earth = gaia

titan father of zeus (who deposed him) & deposed uranus = cronus

titan mother of zeus = rhea

titan goddess of memory & mother of the muses = mnemosyne

titan holding up the heavens & brother of prometheus = atlas

titan fire stealer & brother of atlas = prometheus

titan brother of prometheus & husband of pandora = epimetheus


ROMAN GODS

(all the planets except for uranus are named for roman gods)

king of the gods = jupiter

queen of the gods & goddess of marriage = juno

god of the sea and earthquakes = neptune

god of the underworld = pluto

goddess of love & wife of vulcan = venus

god of love = cupid

god of metalworking & husband of venus = vulcan

god of war & had fling with venus = mars

goddess of wisdom & owl lover = minerva

goddess of the hunt, chastity, and childbirth = diana

god of the sun = phoebus

goddess of grain and the harvest = ceres

god of wine = bacchus

messenger of the gods & winged sandals & caduceus staff = mercury

goddess of the hearth & vestal virgins = vesta

goddess of the underworld & daughter of ceres & pomegranate seeds = proserpina

goddess of the dawn = aurora

goddess of the moon = luna

god of agriculture & roman equivalent to cronus = saturn



TROJAN WAR PARTICIPANTS

(homer's "iliad" is about the end of the trojan war)

abducted helen & judgement of paris (aphrodite, athena, hera) = paris

famed beauty & abducted by paris & wife of menelaus & sister of castor and pollux = helen

greatest greek warrior of trojan war & achilles's heel vulnerability & son of thetis = achilles

friend of achilles = patroclus

large, slow-witted greek warrior in trojan war = ajax

greatest trojan warrior of trojan war & killed patroclus & killed by achilles = hector

main guy of homer's "odyssey" & aka ulysses = odysseus

main guy of virgil's "aeneid" & trojan warrior who founded rome = aeneas

king of troy & father of paris, hector, cassandra = priam

queen of troy & mother of paris, hector, cassandra = hecuba

trojan prophetess doomed to be disbelieved = cassandra

queen of the amazons & slain by achilles = penthesilea

husband of helen & brother of agamemnon = menelaus

leader of the greeks in trojan war & sacrificed daughter iphigenia & murdered by wife clytemnestra = agamemnon

sacrificed by father agamemnon & daughter of clytemnestra & sister of orestes = iphigenia



DEMIGODS & HUMANS

hero who performed twelve labors = hercules

beheaded medusa & rescued andromeda = perseus

princess chained to a rock as sacrifice to sea monster & rescued by perseus = andromeda

sailor of the argo & argonauts & golden fleece & spurned his wife medea = jason

sorceress who helped jason get golden fleece & vengeful ex-wife of jason = medea

hero who rode pegasus & killed the chimera = bellerophon

killed the minotaur = theseus

supplied theseus with ball of thread to navigate labyrinth = ariadne

king of crete & father of ariadne and phaedra = minos

built the cretan labyrinth & crafted waxy wings & father of icarus = daedalus

flew too close to sun & son of daedalus = icarus

killed father and married mother & answered riddle of sphinx & king of thebes = oedipus

golden touch & king of phrygia = midas

queen of carthage & commits suicide when aeneas leaves her = dido

founders of rome & suckled by a wolf = romulus and remus

seduced by bull-zeus = europa

seduced by swan-zeus & mother of helen, clytemnestra, and castor and pollux = leda

seduced by golden-shower-zeus & mother of perseus = danae

beloved of eros/cupid = psyche

shepherd & beloved of selene = endymion

ex-prince cupbearer to the gods loved by zeus = ganymede

sculptor who falls in love with his sculpture (galatea) & g.b. shaw play, basis for "my fair lady" = pygmalion

looked back at wife eurydice and lost her forever & master of the lyre = orpheus

wife of orpheus = eurydice

handsome youth who falls in love with his reflection = narcissus

rejected by narcissus until only her voice remained = echo

lit lamp in her tower for lover leander = hero

swam hellespont nightly for lover hero = leander

tragic lovers of ovid & basis for "romeo and juliet" = pyramus and thisbe

gemini twin sons of zeus & brothers of helen = castor and pollux

transformed into stag for seeing artemis naked and killed by his own hounds = actaeon

ferryman of the dead on the river styx = charon

doomed in hell to eternally push rock up hill = sisyphus

doomed in hell to eternally long for out-of-reach food and water = tantalus

challenged athena to weaving contest & turned into a spider = arachne

warrior women = amazons

queen of the amazons in "a midsummer night's dream" = hippolyta

the first woman & opened box releasing world's evils but kept hope inside = pandora

oracle-like prophetess = sibyl

daughter of menelaus and helen = hermione

long-waiting wife of odysseus = penelope

son of odysseus = telemachus

sorceress who turned odysseus's men into pigs = circe

outran her suitors & lost footrace because stopped to pick up golden apples = atalanta

sword hanging over his head during a feast = damocles

weeping over her children who were killed because of her hubris = niobe

king who imitated zeus's thunder and lightning = salmoneus

planted dragon's teeth to grow army to defeat thebes = cadmus

mighty hunter killed by scorpion = orion

survived great flood in an ark & son of prometheus = deucalion

murdered husband agamemnon & murdered by son orestes = clytemnestra

murdered mother clytemnestra for murdering father agamemnon & brother of electra and iphigenia = orestes

convinced brother orestes to murder mother clytemnestra for murdering father agamemnon for murdering sister iphigenia = electra



HALF-HUMANS & NON-HUMANS

half-man/half-bull in the labyrinth = minotaur

half-man/half-lion riddler on the road to thebes = sphinx

half-man/half-goat lusty attendants of dionysus = satyr

half-man/half-horse & ruined a wedding party = centaur

centaur mentor of jason and achilles = chiron

centaur killed by hercules for the attempted rape of his wife = nessus

half-woman/half-bird tormentors = harpies

half-eagle/half-lion & pulled zeus's chariot = griffin

part-lion/part-goat/part-serpent & killed by bellerophon = chimera

snaky-haired gorgon = medusa

three-headed hell dog = cerberus

many-headed water serpent & cut one head off, two grow back & killed by hercules = hydra

hundred-eyed monster & hera put its eyes in tail of peacock = argus

six-headed sea monster avoided by odysseus & opposite charybdis = scylla

whirlpool avoided by odysseus & opposite scylla = charybdis

father of minotaur & captured by hercules = the cretan bull

strangled by hercules = nemean lion

winged horse born from medusa's blood & ridden by bellerophon = pegasus

bird that dies by fire and is reborn from its ashes = phoenix

race of one-eyed giants = cyclopes

cyclops blinded by odysseus = polyphemus

statue carved by pygmalion with which he falls in love = galatea



NYMPHS

tree nymphs = dryads

water nymphs = naiads

sea nymphs = nereids

mountain nymphs = oreads

detained odysseus for seven years & daughter of atlas = calypso

half-woman/half-bird singers luring sailors to their doom = sirens

mother of achilles who dipped him in styx while holding his heel = thetis

wife of paris = oenone

turned into white heifer by lover zeus = io

chased by apollo & turned into a tree = daphne

turned into a bear & ursa major/minor = callisto

turned into lotus tree = lotis

the seven sisters & daughters of atlas = the pleiades



THE 9 MUSES

(daughters of mnemosyne and zeus)

history = clio

dance = terpsichore

lyric/love poetry = erato

tragedy = melpomene

epic poetry & mother of orpheus = calliope

music = euterpe

choral poetry = polyhymnia

comedy = thalia

astrology = urania



THE 3 FATES (MOIRAE)

(controllers of human destiny)

clotho

lachesis

atropos



THE 3 GRACES (CHARITIES)

(featured in botticelli's "primavera")

aglaea

euphrosyne

thalia



PLACES

home of the greek gods & highest greek mountain = mount olympus

main oracle of ancient greece = delphi

island of king minos & knossos & daedalus & the labyrinth & the minotaur = crete

oedipus's kingdom & the sphinx & aeschylus's "seven against thebes" = thebes

site of trojan war & aka ilium & in modern-day turkey = troy

temple of athena on acropolis in athens & built by pericles = parthenon

strait near troy swum by leander and lord byron = hellespont

greek underworld = hades

hades river of hate & charon river = styx

hades river of forgetfulness = lethe

hades river of pain = acheron

hades river of wailing = cocytus

hades river of fire = phlegethon

lowest region of hades = tartarus

delightful resting place of the dead = elysian fields



NORSE

king of the gods = odin

queen of the gods = frigg

god of thunder = thor

god of mischief & shape-shifting trickster = loki

goddess of love and beauty = freya

god of love and beauty & murdered with mistletoe by loki = balder

goddess of the underworld = hel

slayer of the dragon fafnir & rescuer of brunhilde & aka siegfried = sigurd

maidens who transport the souls of dead warriors to valhalla = valkyrie

valkyrie warrior princess rescued from ring of fire by sigurd = brunhilde

the three sisters of fate = norns

gold-guarding dragon killed by sigurd = fafnir

eight-legged horse of odin = sleipnir

hound of hell = garm

giant wolf = fenris

giant ash & the world tree = yggdrasil

middle earth & the world of humans = midgard

home of the gods = asgard

rainbow bridge linking midgard and asgard = bifrost

hall of the slain = valhalla

underworld = hel

lowest region of hel = niflheim

final battle of good and evil = ragnarok

hammer of thor = mjolnir

fermented honey drink of thor = mead

alphabetic characters inscribed on sleipnir's teeth = runes

old norse collections of scandinavian mythology = eddas

icelandic epics = sagas



EGYPTIAN

god of the sun = ra

god of the afterlife & husband/brother of isis & father of horus = osiris

goddess of fertility & wife/sister of osiris & mother of horus = isis

falcon-headed god of the sky & son of osiris and isis = horus

donkey-headed evil brother of osiris = set

jackal-headed god of the dead = anubis

cow-headed goddess of love, motherhood, and music = hathor

ibis-headed god of wisdom = thoth

looped cross & "key of the nile" = ankh



HINDU

creator god & one of three main hindu gods = brahma

destroyer god & one of three main hindu gods = shiva

preserver god & many avatars & one of three main hindu gods = vishnu

goddess of destruction & wife of shiva = kali

god of war & son of shiva = skanda

seventh avatar of vishnu = rama

eighth avatar of vishnu = krishna

ninth avatar of vishnu & siddhartha gautama & enlightenment under bodhi tree = buddha

tenth and last avatar of vishnu = kalki

elephant-headed god of wisdom = ganesha

monkey god = hanuman

oldest hindu scriptures = vedas

sanskrit poem meaning "song of the lord" & dialogue between warrior arjuna and krishna = bhagavad gita

epic sanskrit poem about hero rama = ramayana

100,000-verse national epic sanskrit poem of india = mahabharata

sacred river named for goddess = ganges

river whose name means "son of brahma" = brahmaputra



AZTEC

(probably don't need to know these; just look for names with "tl" in them)

first aztec god = ometotl

sun god & god of war = huitzilopochtli

rain god = tlaloc

fire god = xiuhtecuhtli

god of joy = omacatl

god of revelry = ueuecoyotl

god of traveling merchants = yacatecutli

goddess of lust = tlazolteotl



SHINTO

sun goddess = amaterasu

god of rice = inari



POLYNESIA

fire/volcano goddess = pele



BRITISH

god of hellfire & you've been living like a little girl in the
middle of your little world & your mind, your tiny mind, you know
you've really been so blind & now's your time to burn your mind
& you're falling far too far behind = arthur brown

jeopardy pavlov: sailors & explorers

additions?

AMERICAN

revolutionary war

"i have not yet begun to fight"

the bonhomme richard

"father of the american navy"

= john paul jones



conqueror of the barbary pirates

burning the philadelphia in tripoli harbor

"our country, right or wrong"

= stephen decatur



battle of lake erie (war of 1812)

"we have met the enemy and they are ours"

the lawrence

brother of matthew

= oliver hazard perry



war of 1812

"don't give up the ship!"

the chesapeake

= james lawrence



battle of new orleans (war of 1812)

french pirate

= jean lafitte



opened japan in 1854

the fulton (navy's first steamship)

brother of oliver hazard

= matthew perry



battle of mobile bay (civil war)

captured new orleans

"damn the torpedoes! full speed ahead!"

the hartford

first full u.s. admiral

= david farragut



battle of manila bay (spanish-american war)

"you may fire when you are ready, gridley"

the olympia

= george dewey



wwii commander of pacific fleet, later named fleet admiral

"uncommon valor was a common virtue" (in reference to iwo jima)

signed the japanese surrender

aircraft carrier named after him

= chester nimitz



wwii admiral nicknamed "bull"

"hit hard, hit fast, hit often"

= william halsey



"father of the nuclear navy"

the nautilus (first u.s. nuclear-powered sub)

= hyman rickover



"old ironsides" = the constitution

union ironclad & fought the virginia/merrimack at the battle of hampton roads = the monitor

confederate ironclad & fought the monitor at the battle of hampton roads = the virginia

union ship that became the confederate ironclad the virginia = the merrimack

confederate submarine = the hunley

VIKING/NORSE

discovered greenland & father of leif ericson = erik the red

explored vinland & son of erik the red = leif ericson

kon-tiki (made from balsa wood) & ra & ra ii & polynesia = thor heyerdahl

ITALY

13th century china = marco polo

PORTUGAL

early 15th century (born 1394) patron of exploration = prince henry the navigator

italian namesake of the americas = amerigo vespucci

first to cape of good hope = bartolomeu dias

first to india = vasco da gama

discovered california = juan cabrillo

SPAIN

1492 = christopher columbus

fountain of youth = ponce de leon

discovered pacific ocean = vasco nuñez de balboa

conquered aztecs = hernan cortes

conquered incas = francisco pizarro

portuguese-born circumnavigation attempter who died in philippines = ferdinand magellan

discovered mississippi = hernando de soto

sought the 7 cities of cibola in arizona/new mexico = francisco vazquez de coronado



FRANCE

first to new york harbor = giovanni da verrazzano

discovered st. lawrence river & named montreal = jacques cartier

"father of new france" & discovered quebec = samuel de champlain

navigated northern mississippi river & michigan = jacques marquette/louis jolliet

claimed mississippi river valley = robert de lasalle

founded detroit = antoine de la mothe, sieur de cadillac



BRITISH

newfoundland & father of sebastian = john cabot

son of john = sebastian cabot

english circumnavigator & the golden hind = francis drake

1770s pacific explorer (australia, hawaii/sandwich, tahiti, vancouver) = james cook

h.m.s. bounty & fletcher christian's mutiny & breadfruit = william bligh

battle of trafalgar (1805) & battle of the nile (1798) & missing right eye and arm = horatio nelson

niger river = mungo park

discovered source of nile river & lake victoria = john speke

sought nile with speke & translated "the thousand and one nights" = richard burton

discovered victoria falls & scottish missionary in africa = david livingstone

"dr. livingstone, i presume?" = henry stanley

"because it's there" = george mallory



NETHERLANDS

hudson river & hudson bay & killed in mutiny while seeking northwest passage = henry hudson

new zealand & tasmania (van diemen's land) & tonga & fiji & tasman sea = abel tasman



DENMARK

bering strait & alaska & dane who sailed for russia = vitus bering



NEW ZEALAND

first to climb everest = edmund hillary



NEPAL

hillary's sherpa guide = tenzing norgay



ARCTIC/ANTARCTIC

first to north pole (1909, disputed) = robert peary (american)

african-american partner of peary = matthew henson (american)

first to south pole (1911) & reached north pole (1926) & first through northwest passage = roald amundsen (norwegian)

second to south pole (1912) & died during return = robert falcon scott (english)

first to fly over both poles & established "little america" antarctic base = richard evelyn byrd (american)

ship "endurance" was trapped in ice during antarctic exploration = ernest shackleton (english)



SPACE

first man in space (1961) & vostok 1 = yuri gagarin

first woman in space (1963) & vostok 6 = valentina tereshkova

first american in space (1961) & freedom 7 = alan shepard

first american to orbit the earth (1962) & friendship 7 = john glenn

first american woman in space (1983) = sally ride

first moon landing (1969) & apollo 11 = neil armstrong, buzz aldrin, michael collins

first living creature to orbit the earth (1957) & sputnik 2 = laika, the russian dog

jeopardy pavlov: saints & sainthood

additions?



french girl burned at the stake & maid of orleans = joan of arc

lourdes & visionary nun = bernadette soubirous

february 14th martyr & patron of love = valentine

christmas & children = nicholas

animals and nature-loving & stigmata caused by fasting = francis of assisi

jesuit founder = ignatius loyola

jesuit missionary & introduced christianity to japan & "apostle of the indies" = francis xavier

fifth-century "confessions" and "city of god" philosopher & bishop of hippo = augustine

mother of augustine = monica

thirteenth-century "summa theologica" philosopher & "angelic doctor" & patron of students = thomas aquinas

england & dragon slayer & order of the garter = george

ireland & march 17th = patrick

scotland & crucified on an x-shaped cross = andrew

wales = david

venice = mark

czech & bohemian king = wenceslas

hungary & first christian martyr & stoned to death = stephen

moscow cathedral = basil

norway = olaf

canadian river = lawrence

france & charity and kindness = martin of tours

france & first bishop of paris = denis

avila & sixteenth-century spanish nun and mystic = teresa

poland = stanislaus

first american (though italian-born) saint & patron of emigrants = mother cabrini

first american-born saint = elizabeth ann seton

first american male saint = john neumann

new testament letter writer & named saul before conversion on road to damascus & london cathedral = paul

new testament beheading = john the baptist

new testament physician = luke

first pope & crucified upside-down & vatican city basilica = peter

book of revelation author = john the divine

mother of the virgin mary & patron of pregnant women = ann

alpine hospice & dog breed & patron of skiers = bernard

lightning storm phenomenon & patron of sailors & aka erasmus = elmo

patron of charitable societies = vincent de paul

lost causes & hospitals = jude

finder of lost items & patron of the poor & padua = anthony

patron of travelers = christopher

"poor" & follower of francis of assisi = clare

canterbury tales pilgrimage saint & executed by henry ii = thomas a becket

"utopia" author & "a man for all seasons" & patron of politicians & executed by henry viii = thomas more

"venerable" = bede

ontological argument for the existence of god = anselm

evangelizer of spain & aka santiago = james

mother of constantine = helena

huguenot massacre day = bartholomew

inquisition & order of non-franciscan friars & toulouse = dominic

lamb = agnes

hazelnuts = filbert

condemned to death on the wheel & catalina island = catherine of alexandria

july 15th fortelling the weather = swithun

hawaii lepers = father damien

translator of vulgate bible & patron of librarians = jerome

veil with jesus's face on it = veronica

inventor of slavic alphabet script & brother of methodius = cyril

december 13th in sweden = lucia

"dance" & the disease chorea = vitus

found piece of the true cross & mother of constantine = helena

patron of s.america & first western hemisphere saint = rose of lima

pamplona = fermin

sicily = lucy

“st. elsewhere” = eligius



october 31 = all hallows' eve (halloween)

november 1 = all saints' day (hallowmas)

november 2 = all souls' day



radio and tv's "the saint" = simon templar

nobel peace prize for work with the poor in india & "saint of the gutters" nun = mother teresa

person whose duty was to present arguments against sainthood = devil's advocate


jeopardy pavlov: trails & trailblazers

additions?


MOST COMMONLY APPEARING TRAILS

maine to georgia & east coast trail = appalachian trail

texas to kansas & cattle trail & named for oklahoma trader = chisholm trail

boston = freedom trail

missouri (independence) to oregon (willamette river valley) &
columia/snake/platte rivers & mapped by john c. fremont = oregon
trail

new mexico & originally started in missouri = santa fe trail

virginia to kentucky & cumberland gap & daniel boone = wilderness road

north vietnam to south vietnam (through laos and cambodia) = ho chi minh trail

forced march of cherokee from deep south to oklahoma (fort gibson) = trail of tears



LESS COMMONLY APPEARING TRAILS

arizona = apache trail

wyoming (fort laramie) to montana & cattle trail = bozeman trail

missouri (independence) to california (sacramento) & gold rush & offshoot of oregon trail = california trail

south dakota = centennial trail

spanish "royal road" & sonoma to san diego (california) & leon to madrid (spain) = el camino real

replaced by erie canal = mohawk trail

illinois (nauvoo) to utah = mormon pioneer trail

mississippi (natchez) to tennessee (nashville) = natchez trace

new mexico (santa fe) to california (los angeles) = old spanish trail



TRAILBLAZERS

eastern frontiersman & cumberland gap & wilderness road = daniel boone (1734-1820)

partner of lewis & explored northwest for jefferson & "corps of
discovery" (1804-1806) & sacagawea = william clark (1770-1838)

partner of clark & explored northwest for jefferson & "corps of
discovery" (1804-1806) & sacagawea = meriwether lewis (1774-1809)

pike's peak & colorado explorer & killed in toronto during war of 1812 = zebulon pike (1778-1813)

western frontiersman/scout/trapper & nevada (carson city) & new
mexico (taos) & guide for fremont = kit carson (1809-1868)

"the pathfinder" & mapped oregon trail & first republican
presidential candidate & one of first two california senators = john
c. fremont (1813-1890)

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opusthepenguin
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Re: Pavlov revival

Post by opusthepenguin » Tue Nov 01, 2011 11:25 am

Thanks for finding this stuff, jeopardyfan! I was a little worried at first that it would interfere with my upcoming Think Different Classical quiz. But at most it will affect which answer is the sheep, and probably not even that.

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Re: Pavlov revival

Post by opusthepenguin » Tue Nov 01, 2011 11:44 am

We might want to note a small conflict in the data at one point.

Under opera composers, we have:
thejeopardyfan wrote:CZECH

bedrich smetana (the bartered bride)
Then under composers synonymous with a certain nationality, we have:
thejeopardyfan wrote:CZECHOSLOVAKIA = antonin "new world symphony" dvorak
Checking the archive, Smetana shows up as a Czech opera composer 3 times, Dvorak twice. So if all you've got is Czech and opera, I wouldn't advise ringing in.

Odds are a little better for "Czech composer". Dvorak gets the nod 8 times to Smetana's 3. That's still a significant risk.

Now, once you add in the other information in the above Pavlovs, you're golden. "Bartered Bride" is always Smetana. "New World" (or anything to do with America) is always Dvorak. Absent that, if the clue has "Czech opera" or "Czech composer", and you don't know which one, let someone else ring in. If they get zonked for saying Smetana or Dvorak, ring in and guess the one they didn't say.

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Re: Pavlov revival

Post by Woof » Tue Nov 01, 2011 2:48 pm

opusthepenguin wrote:We might want to note a small conflict in the data at one point.

Under opera composers, we have:
thejeopardyfan wrote:CZECH

bedrich smetana (the bartered bride)
Then under composers synonymous with a certain nationality, we have:
thejeopardyfan wrote:CZECHOSLOVAKIA = antonin "new world symphony" dvorak
Checking the archive, Smetana shows up as a Czech opera composer 3 times, Dvorak twice. So if all you've got is Czech and opera, I wouldn't advise ringing in.
I'm not really disagreeing with you (and your carefully researched data) but Dvorak's operas are rarely produced and barely known nowadays. Dvorak is really known today as a composer of symphonies and J! is a bit at odds with this in the frequency with which they ask about Dvorak's operas.

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Re: Pavlov revival

Post by opusthepenguin » Tue Nov 01, 2011 3:54 pm

Woof wrote:I'm not really disagreeing with you (and your carefully researched data) but Dvorak's operas are rarely produced and barely known nowadays. Dvorak is really known today as a composer of symphonies and J! is a bit at odds with this in the frequency with which they ask about Dvorak's operas.
I'm not sure two times counts as "frequency", but I agree that Dvorak is mostly known for his symphonies--and only three or four of those. The only opera that gets any traction is Rusalka, and that's mostly for the "Song to the Moon" aria.

The other thing Dvorak's known for is his Slavonic Dances. I say deservedly so, but there's a sadly prosaic reason that the dances are well known. There are 16 of them and they range from about 2 1/2 to 7 1/2 minutes long. There isn't a classical radio programmer in the world who has been able to resist slipping one in as a way to bring the program to the top of the hour.

As for the archetypal Czech opera composer, Smetana doesn't quite fit the bill either. He's known for one opera, The Bartered Bride, as mentioned in the list. But he's probably more well known for Má Vlast (My Country, My Homeland, My Motherland, My Fatherland -- take your pick). And specifically, he's known for a single movement from it--"Vltava" (or "Die Moldau")--which orchestrally describes the course of Bohemia's great river.

These days, if you ask a classical buff for the name of a Czech opera composer, my money's on Leoš Janá?ek being the reply. But Janá?ek has only gotten one mention on Jeopardy! and that was for Taras Bulba, an orchestral work. The clue was "Also a Yul Brynner film, this Janacek piece came from a Gogol tale of a Cossack who revolts against the Poles." I suspect they weren't really expecting the contestants to key in on Janacek so much as on the other parts of the clue.

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Re: Pavlov revival

Post by Woof » Tue Nov 01, 2011 4:22 pm

opusthepenguin wrote: These days, if you ask a classical buff for the name of a Czech opera composer, my money's on Leoš Janá?ek being the reply. But Janá?ek has only gotten one mention on Jeopardy! and that was for Taras Bulba, an orchestral work. The clue was "Also a Yul Brynner film, this Janacek piece came from a Gogol tale of a Cossack who revolts against the Poles." I suspect they weren't really expecting the contestants to key in on Janacek so much as on the other parts of the clue.
Overall, for musical renown, I'd put Dvorak ahead of both Smetana and Janacek. For opera in particular, I'd say that the latter two rank about equally, the latter primarily for The Cunning Little Vixen outside of the Czech Republic. This is all colored by my recollections of my mother's opera performances, but what I read seems to back that up.

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Re: Pavlov revival

Post by Fishercat » Fri Nov 04, 2011 1:44 am

I'm sorry to say that I think the sports pavlov may have died with the old board. I am searching for the files on any hard drives I have and nothing is coming up. I'll let you know if I find anything but I think I just kept that on the board instead of on a file.

I wouldn't have a problem creating another quick and dirty sports pavlov (or at least baseball) if it has any demand.

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Re: Pavlov revival

Post by thejeopardyfan » Fri Nov 04, 2011 5:56 am

dhkendall wrote:I also have "Pavlov by Country", "Sports Pavlov" (I know I'll need that one!), and "Poets and Poetry" (probably the closest we got to a Billy Shakespeare Pavlov) that were pulled off the old board (thank you, forgotten boardie who did that. Even if they are reposted here, though, I won't lose my hard-drive copy in favour of the board one, though. Once bitten and all that ... )
Is there any chance you are going to post those? (Do you only have a hard copy?)

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Re: Pavlov revival

Post by dhkendall » Fri Nov 04, 2011 8:28 am

Fishercat wrote:I'm sorry to say that I think the sports pavlov may have died with the old board. I am searching for the files on any hard drives I have and nothing is coming up. I'll let you know if I find anything but I think I just kept that on the board instead of on a file.

I wouldn't have a problem creating another quick and dirty sports pavlov (or at least baseball) if it has any demand.
As mentioned in the first reply on this thread, I hae the sports pavlov. Once I'm not so busy, I'll post.
"Jeopardy! is two parts luck and one part luck" - Me

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Fishercat
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Re: Pavlov revival

Post by Fishercat » Fri Nov 04, 2011 9:07 am

Oops. Wasn't sure if you had it. Sounds good!

oddsox
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Re: Pavlov revival

Post by oddsox » Fri Nov 04, 2011 11:02 am

thejeopardyfan wrote:Okay, I asked mrbungle (who had e-mailed me the Pavlovs) if I could copy and paste them, and he said yes! I noticed, though, that I only have a hard copy of the Royalty Pavlov list. Does anyone have it, to share?
yes. see next post.

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Re: Pavlov revival

Post by oddsox » Fri Nov 04, 2011 11:03 am

ROYALTY

England and Great Britain

Current:
current dynastic name—Windsor
homes—Buckingham Palace (official); Sandringham, country house in Norfolk; Balmoral, a castle in Scotland; Windsor Castle
Queen Elizabeth II; loves horses and dogs, espec. Corgis. Succeeded in 1952. Married 1947 to
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Queen's husband Has a string of titles including Baron Greenwich. Was born Prince of Greece and Denmark. Born in Corfu (Greece). AKA Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten; nephew of WWII hero Earl Mountbatten of Burma.
Prince Charles, the Prince of Wales. Eldest son. First heir to have a college degree. Married to Diana and 2nd to Camilla (known as Duchess of Cornwall).
William—elder son of Prince of Wales and Diana
Harry-younger son of Prince of Wales and Diana
Prince Andrew, Duke of York; Sarah Ferguson; 2nd son of Elizabeth II; first child born to a reigning British monarch in 103 years; 2 daughters Beatrice and Eugenie (Eugenie has been asked about twice, because her name is hard to pronounce and she was possibly named after Napoleon III's wife, Empress Eugenie)
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex; 3rd son of Elizabeth II
Princess Anne, the Princess Royal; 2nd child of Elizabeth II and only daughter; former Olympian and equestrian; humanitarian

Deceased recent members of the Windsor family
Princess Margaret, the Queen's sister; gave up Peter Townsend, the man she loved in 1955; died 2002; loved ballet; married to photographer Anthony Armstrong-Jones, later the Earl of Snowdon
Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother (the Queen's mother); born Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon; Glamis Castle (and Macbeth) is associated with her family
Diana, Princess of Wales; born Diana Spencer; died 1997, tragic car accident. “shy”
George VI-Queen's father, king during World War II; Winston Churchill; last emperor of India. Known as Duke of York before becoming king.

Historical figures and dynasties
Alfred the Great-fought Viking invasions in the 800s
Edward the Confessor-
Ethelred the Unready—alleged fear of candles; married to Emma (who later married King Canute)
William the Conqueror-Battle of Hastings, 1066; came from Normandy; Domesday Book
Matilda, wife of William and mother of Henry II; Bayeux Tapestries
Matilda (a different one), mother of Henry II; a claimant to English throne, married the Holy Roman Emperor. Also called Maude.

The Plantagenets
Henry II—took power 1154; married to Eleanor of Aquitaine (who was previously married to a French king and went on the Crusades); father of Richard and John. Murdered Thomas a Becket.
Richard the Lionheart; went on the Crusades
John--”bad” Magna Carta, 1215; brother of the Lionheart; foe of legendary Robin Hood; married Isabella of Angouleme
War of the Roses-civil war fought between rival branches (York and Lancaster) of the royal family
Richard II—starved to death by his successor, Henry IV? Son of the Black Prince.
Henry V—hero of Agincourt
Richard III—defeat at Bosworth Field in 1485 by Henry VII, first of the Tudors. Not a hunchback.

The Tudors
Henry VIII—launched the English Reformation; overweight
“divorced, beheaded, died; divorced; beheaded; survived”--old rhyme to remember his wives
Catherine of Aragon, daughter of Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain; divorced; unable to produce male heir; aka “Catalina” in Spanish; born 1485
Anne Boleyn, mother of Elizabeth; long-term mistress; witty; beheaded
Jane Seymour, mother of Edward VI, Henry VIII's son; died after birth of son
Anne of Cleves—portrait by Holbein; regarded as ugly; divorced by Henry; died after Henry
Katherine Howard-beheaded by Henry for adultery
Katherine Parr-survived Henry
Mary Tudor--”Bloody Mary”, daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon; Catholic; persecution of Protestants
Elizabeth—last of the Tudor dynasty; daughter of Henry VIII; predecessor of James I; invasion by Armada in 1588; 16th c.

The Stuarts:
James I (also James VI of Scotland), son of Mary Queen of Scots; King James Version of the Bible
Charles I, his son; beheaded in 1649; buried St. George's Chapel, Windsor in 2 pieces
The monarchy was deposed in 1649 and a Commonwealth set up by Oliver Cromwell during the Interregnum (Latin for “between reigns)
The term Jacobean is used to describe reign of James I; comes from Latin for James. The
The Restoration brought back
Charles II-no legitimate children; lots of illegitimate children; the “Merry Monarch”; succeeded by his brother James II
James II-Catholic; deposed for his daughter Mary and son-in-law in the “Glorious Revolution”
Queen Mary (Stuart), daughter of James II; Glorious Revolution; married to William of Orange
William of Orange—became William III of Great Britain
Anne-- childless; a German prince from Hanover (George I) became king upon her death
Bonnie Prince Charlie—descendant of James II, Catholic, attempted to re-gain the throne

Hanover
George I—never learned to speak English, succeeded in 1714; last king not born in the British Isles
George III—lost his American colonies; porphyria; suspected of insanity;
Queen Victoria-ruled 1837-1901. Wife of Albert (the Prince Consort). Granddaughter of George III. Empress of India. "the grandmother of Europe" “short” “Mrs. Brown”; longest reigning British monarch

Windsor-
George V—WWI king, known for strong resemblance to his cousin Czar Nicholas II (often confused in photos); married to Queen Mary; parents of
Edward VIII-married divorcee Wallis Simpson; abdication; became Duke of Windsor; ruled only in 1936. No children; lived outside Paris.
Succeeded by his brother George VI.
In 1936 3 kings ruled (George V, Edward VIII, George VI). This has happened only twice before (1066 and 1483) in English history.

Austria-Hungary
dynastic name Habsburg or House of Lorraine
Empress Maria Theresa-mother of Marie Antoinette and Emperor Josef II
Josef II- patron of Mozart; “enlightened despot”
Franz Josef-ruled 68 years; World War I
Franz Ferdinand—heir to FJ; assassination, Sarajevo, set off WWI
Maximilian, brother of FJ, became Emperor of Mexico and was executed; married to Carlotta

Bavaria--
dynastic name, Wittelsbach
King Ludwig II—king with a building mania (he built the castle that Walt Disney modelled his castle after); patron of Wagner

Belgium
Leopold I was made king in 1831; British Queen Victoria's uncle
Baudouin, married Spanish Fabiola de Mora y Aragon 1960; no children; succeeded by his brother
Albert II-current king

Bohemia
“Good King” Wenceslas—Prague, Christmas song

Byzantine Empire (or Eastern Roman Empire)
Constantinople fell to the Ottomans in 1453
Justinian-emperor; rewrote Roman laws in a new code;
Theodora—former prostitute and actress; outrageous; sometimes nude in public

Denmark
Oldenburg Dynasty founded by King Christian I ruled 1448-1863
Monarchs are invested, not crowned
Queen Margrethe-a talented artist and costume designer, current ruler
**If you see Christian or Frederik, the answer is probably Denmark.

Ancient Egypt
Hatshepsut—depicted herself as a male
Nefertiti-famous bust; married to Akenaton
Cleopatra VII- “the” Cleopatra; asp; Julius Caesar and Marc Anthony

Modern Egypt
King Farouk abdicated 1952 and was succeeded by his son Fuad II.
Fuad II, a child, ruled briefly

Florence
in the 1400s and later ruled by the de Medici family
two de Medici girls married into the French royal family (Catherine and Marie, wife of Henry IV)
Cosimo
Lorenzo the Magnificent
several popes

France--
dynastic names Capet, Bourbon, or Bonaparte
Hugh Capet--crowned King of France in 987; first of the Capetian dynasty
Charles VII--associated with Joan of Arc; 15th c.; Hundred Years War
Catherine de Medici—Italian queen; 16th c.; mother-in-law of Mary Queen of Scots
Louis XIII—hunted at the Louvre; father of Louis XIV
Louis XIV – Sun King, succeeded by his great-grandson Louis XV; 17th-18th c. Built Versailles. Many mistresses. Absolute monarch.
Marie Antoinette – daughter of Maria Theresa, the Empress of Austria. Married to Louis XVI. Did not say “Let them eat cake.”
Napoleon Bonaparte-- Corsican general; married and divorced Josephine; 2nd wife Marie Louise was an Austrian archduchess and neice of Marie Antoinette. Made himself emperor
Marie Josèphe Rose Tascher de La Pagerie aka “Josephine”, born in Martinique;
Napoleon III, nephew of the original NB; made emperor; married to Eugenie

The Franks
Charles Martel aka “the Hammer”, his son
Pepin the Short; his son
Charlemagne, later Holy Roman Emperor

Germany
united under the House of Hohenzollern
Kaiser Wilhelm II—grandson of British Queen Victoria; Bismarck; World War I

Greece
monarch is known as the “King of the Hellenes”
Constantine II is current (deposed since 1967) king

Hawaii—the only U.S. state that has been a kingdom
Iolani Palace-where the royal family resided
Lillioukalani-last Hawaiian monarch; deposed by US and imprisoned at Iolani

Holy Roman Empire
Charlemagne—“King of the Franks”, made himself Holy Roman Emperor in 800; crowned by Pope Leo; aka “Charles the Great”
Frederick I—aka Barbarossa; led Third Crusade but drowned en route; “red bearded”
Frederick II--excommunicated by Pope in March 1239
Charles V; a Habsburg; opponent of Protestants including Martin Luther

India
Shah Jahan-Mogul ruler, built Taj Mahal as tomb for favorite wife

Iran
Shah of Iran aka Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi; deposed in 1979 and exiled; Ayatollah Khomeini; US ally

Italy
Victor Emmanuel III

Japan
Hirohito—former emperor; ruled during World War II; viewed as a god by his people and leader of Shinto religion
Akihito—current emperor; married Michiko Shoda

Jordan
Hussein II—Six Day War, 1967; married several times; last wife was American Lisa Halaby, now called Queen Noor
Abdullah II—his son, current king since 1999

Liechtenstein
“tiny country”
Crown Prince Alois m. Duchess Sophie of Bavaria 1993

Macedonia
Philip, a warrior king; his son
Alexander the Great, conquered as far away as Afghanistan

Monaco
“tiny” “postage-stamp” “Central Park”
dynastic name, Grimaldi; has controlled Monaco for most of the last 700 years
ruling princes are invested, not crowned
members of the royal family are addressed as “Serene Highness”
Albert II-current prince
sisters Caroline (his current heir) and Stephanie
Stephanie has married a bodyguard and a circus acrobat; former model and recording artist
Rainier III—their father, ruling prince 1949-2005; in 1956 married
Grace Kelly—actress and Oscar winner in 1954 for The Country Girl; patron of the ballet
If Albert doesn't have legitimate heirs and Caroline dies, her son Andrea Casiraghi will become Prince of Monaco

The Netherlands
dynastic name “The House of Orange-Nassau”
monarchs are invested, not crowned
Queen Beatrix; since 1980; husband accused of Nazi activities
William-Alexander – aka the Prince of Orange, current heir, son of Beatrix; married to Maxima, a native of Argentina
Constantijn-a younger son, married to Laurentien (who works for UNESCO and is interested in literacy issues)
Juliana—former queen who abdicated; married to Prince Bernhard; mother of Beatrix; scandal over a faith healer; during WWII her family escaped and they settled in Ottawa, Canada where a younger daughter Princess Margriet (“daisy”) was born; a skier; died 2004; abdicated 1980.
Prince Bernhard was former president of the World Wildlife Fund
Queen Beatrix's nephews:
Prince Maurits-worked at Schipool airport
Prince Bernhard–married to Annette
Wilhelmina—former queen who abdicated; grandmother of Beatrix. Led Dutch resistance. Widowed mother named Emma.**Last monarch whose father was a king.
William III, a Dutch king, was also Grand Duke of Luxembourg; another branch of the House of Orange rules Luxembourg now

Norway
monarchs invested, not crowned
Olaf II is this country's patron saint
Olav V- born in England; grandson of British King Edward VII; his son
Harald—current king
**If you see Olav, Haakon or Harald, the answer is probably Norway.

Ottoman Empire
Suleiman the Magnificent

Persia
Cyrus—conquered the Medes; founded Achaemenid Dynasty

Poland
Boleslav-first king of Poland

Portugal
**If you see Luis, Pedro or Manuel, the answer is probably Portugal.
The kings of Portugal also ruled Brazil.

Prussia
ruled by the House of Hohenzollern
capital Berlin
Frederick the Great--”enlightened despot,” military genius

Ancient Rome (know the order of the first five, they ask about it frequently)
Octavian, later known as Caesar Augustus, nephew of Julius Caesar, defeated Marc Anthony; married to Livia Drusilla; first Roman emperor; Pax Romana; disgrace of daughter Julia and granddaughter (also Julia); 27 B.C. to 14 A.D.
Tiberius-execution of Jesus; 14-37 A.D.
Caligula, nickname “little boot”; depraved, “cruel and unbalanced”; made his horse a priest and consul; assassinated by Praetorian Guard; 37-41 A.D.
Claudius-stuttered; conquest of Britain; executed his third wife Messalina for adultery; poisoned by mushrooms (by wife Agrippina?); his stepson; 41 A.D.-54
Nero-”fiddled” during a fire; last of the Julio-Claudian emperors; fire in Rome; crazy; Agrippina's son; persecuted Christians; 54-68 A.D.
Vespasian-ca. 72 A.D. began building the Colosseum
Hadrian-built the “wall” between England and Scotland, 117-138 A.D.
Trajan—his successor; built a “column” in Rome to mark his military victories in Dacia
Marcus Aurelius—the “stoic” philosopher, wrote “Meditations”; 161-180 A.D.
Caracalla—originally known as Bassanius; famous for his baths (although obscure, Caracalla has been asked for MANY times and seems to have no significance other than his baths)
Constantine—the first Christian Roman emperor; defeated Licinius at the Battle of Adrianople in 324; moved the capitol to Constantinope; Council of Nicaea; built Hagia Sophia

Rumania
King Michael b. 1922, proclaimed king 1927

Russia
Romanov-dynastic name; deposed in 1917
Nicholas II-- married to Alexandra, murdered; Rasputin; affair with Mathilde Kschessinska
Ivan the Terrible-d. 1584; most famous member of the Rurik dynasty
Peter the Great
Catherine the Great-- “enlightened despot”; friend of Voltaire; born as Sophie, a German princess; lover of Potemkin
Alexander the Great—also an “enlightened despot”; mysterious death
Between 1801 & 1917, all of Russia's czars were named Nicholas or Alexander.

Saudi Arabia
Abdullah-current king

Scotland
Duncan-murdered by Macbeth
Macbeth
Malcolm-avenged his father, killed Macbeth and became king of Scotland
Robert the Bruce-heart cut out and carried on the Crusades; William Wallace
Stuart dynasty
Mary Queen of Scots—beheaded in England; former queen of France; son James VI
James VI became James I of England in 1603

Siam/later Thailand
King Mongkut-king in “The King and I”/”Anna and the King”; 19th c.;
the king is "Possessor of the 24 Golden Umbrellas"

Spain
Isabella of Castile—15th/16th c.; married Ferdinand of Aragon; united Spain; drove the Moors and Jews out of Spain; began the Spanish Inquisition; patron of Columbus; mother of
Catherine of Aragon—married Henry VIII (and his elder brother, Arthur, the Prince of Wales who died very young)
Juana la Loca—older daughter of Isabella and Ferdinand; crazy; mother of Emperor Charles V
Philip II—sent the Armada to crush Elizabeth in 1588
Queen Isabella—abdicated 1870
Current dynastic name: Bourbon (relatives of the former rulers of France)
current monarchs are invested, not crowned
Juan Carlos—current king; lives at Zarzuela
Felipe, Prince of the Asturias-current heir
his sisters Elena and Cristina (who married a Basque handball player)
Spanish princesses are called “infantas”
**If you see Alfonso, it's either Spain or Portugal.

Swaziland
Mswati III—b. 1968; king since 1986

Sweden
Queen Christina—succeeded 1644; Thirty Years War; converted to Catholicism; abdicated
Charles X—succeeded Christina
many kings named Gustav!
Royal family lives and works at Drottningholm Palace & Stromsholm Palace
current dynastic name, Bernadotte (the first Bernadotte king was a former general of Napoleon Bonaparte)
current monarchs are invested not crowned
Carl XVI Gustaf current king since 1973

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whoisalexjacob
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Re: Pavlov revival

Post by whoisalexjacob » Fri Nov 04, 2011 2:45 pm

Awesome, big thanks to everyone who was a part of this!


"hungary & first christian martyr & stoned to death = stephen"
-This refers to two different Stephens. Might be obvious, but it confused me at first.

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dhkendall
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Re: Pavlov revival

Post by dhkendall » Tue Dec 27, 2011 11:41 pm

Thanks to MM for reminding me that I have the sports pavlov from the old board. Since this is something I *need* to study, perhaps reposting it here will help (and I hope it helps someone besides me) - original posters names and other superfluous info removed :

Long-distance runner + Oregon + died young = Steve Prefontaine

He's come up five times in J! games in the past six years.

On the Pre point (and he is someone you should know, they like him), he may be one of the only distance runners you need to know. I would also say

Sub Four Minute Mile (First One) - Roger Bannister (11 mentions since 2001)

is the other major runner to remember. If you include sprinters, the list gets longer, but still.

It seems difficult to assign a Pavlov credit to many sports because records are constantly changing, and outside of nicknames, those records are common IDs on Jeopardy. For instance, the terms "Babe Ruth" and "home run" have been used in the same clue-answer 26 times (that's four more times than the terms "Jane Austen" and "Pride Prejudice" have been combined). The problem is, "Aaron" and "Home Run" have been used 20 times; "Maris" and "Home Run" have been used 19 times (they were the ones who broke his career and single-season records). (Although, I would say if you're in a sports category in you see "61", it's Maris; if you see "715" or "755", it's Aaron). Even if you combine "Yankee" and "Home Run", it could be either Maris or Ruth. A search returns 169 hits where the clue and answer contained both the words "home" and "run", but there were many different applications. Ruth had a lot, Aaron had a lot, Mickey Mantle, Reggie Jackson, Mark McGwire, Roger Maris, Ken Griffey Jr.

I figure there are numbers you could make Pavlovian like 755 (or really, if it's baseball, anything above 715 until Bonds came along), or 511 (Cy Young Wins), but it's rare.

Some nicknames

The Bambino -- George Herman Ruth
The Iron Horse -- Lou Gehrig
Ol' Diz (or just plain Dizzy): Jerome Herman (or Jay Hanna -- he wasn't fussy) Dean
Daffy -- His brother Paul
Dazzy -- Charles Vance
The Yankee Clipper -- Joe Dimaggio (key number 56 -- consecutive game hitting streak)
The Little Perfessor -- Dom(inic) Dimaggio (Joe's brother -- played for a better team)
Splendid Splinter -- Ted Williams
Big Train -- Walter Johnson
Big Six -- Christie Mathewson
Bad Henry -- Hank Aaron
The Grey Eagle (or Spoke)-- Tris Speaker
The Georgia Peach - Ty Cobb
The Fordham Flash -- Frankie Frisch
The Bronx Bombers -- the NY Yankees
The Gashouse Gang -- 1930s St. Louis Cardinals
The Mick -- Mickey Mantle
Say Hey -- Willie Mays
Manassa Mauler -- JackDempsey
Sweetness -- Walter Payton
Boston Strong Boy -- John L Sullivan
Merry Mex -- Lee Trevino
Brown Bomber -- Joe Louis
Mr. Cub -- Ernie Banks
Crazy Legs -- Elroy Hirsch

I got nutthin' for basketball. And this is hardly definitive. Add more, folks

Baseball:

Home Runs + October = Reggie Jackson


Football:

Supreme Court = Byron "Whizzer" White

Fishercat       05-21-2010 11:40 PM
The only reason I didn't mention Marion Jones (who you should know) is that I was limiting myself to distance runners there, as she's a short track runner (100m, 200m, long jump). But absolutely, when you get to sprinters/T&F athletes, Jones is a definite to know

For some other recent baseball nicknames, only including those that were used to this point and more than once. I'll try and keep out some of those less common nicknames on common players to keep the clutter out (for instance, Slammin' Sammy Sosa is a nickname...but it's not used that often to ID Sammy Sosa)

Roger Clemens - The Rocket (also known for his seven Cy Young Awards and multitude of strikeouts)

David Ortiz - Big Papi (known for his walk-off hits, especially in the 2004 playoffs)

Cal Ripken Jr. - The Iron Man (for his 2,632 consecutive game streak)

Alex Rodriguez - "A-Rod" (be careful, they like to pair this term with different types of clues, like Andy Roddick or baseball terms)

Hank Aaron - Hammerin' Hank (most commonly used in puns to indicate it was Hank Aaron. References to 715+ homeruns are more common)

Ken Griffey Jr. - Junior (Mariners and Reds OF primarily, young phenom best known for high early home run numbers)

Ernie Banks - "Mr. Cub" (the nickname is a common ID in clues)

James "Catfish" Hunter - "Catfish" (the writers have used James Hunter or even a picture of a catfish as a clue here. As a player, just know he played for Oakland/New York and signed a huge contract)

Cy Young - "Cy" (Real name Denton, known for a ton of wins and an award)

Carl Yastrzemski - "Yaz" (Known for being the last Triple Crown winner in 1967, famous Red Sox)

Tom Seaver - "Tom Terrific" (He's been used five times as a clue...all five had this nickname)

Nolan Ryan - "The Ryan Express" (known mostly for seven no-hitters or 5000+ strikeouts)

Babe Ruth - With "The Bambino", also remember "The Sultan of Swat"

Stan Musial - Stan "The Man" Musial (very common usage in clues, typically IDed as a Cardinal)

Reggie Jackson - "Mr. October" (for his World Series homeruns)

Lou Gehrig - "The Iron Horse" (if you're going to know a few baseball names, know Babe Ruth and definitely know Lou Gehrig. He's been either answered or IDed 34 times in clues, including three daily doubles and a final Jeopardy. Three things to know beyond his nick name: the disease ALS is named after him as he died from it in 1941, he played in 2,130 consecutive games, and he gave an exceptionally famous farewell speech in 1939).

BTW, the prior list is very good as well. Definitely know Ty Cobb = Georgia and a lot of hits. Dimaggio's long, long hit streak is also something to know (and Marilyn Monroe/Mrs. Robinson).

I will say, I don't know if nicknames are the way to go about this. Most clues don't contain them. It would take a while, but if you cover each team's biggest stars of all-time, it'll take care of most of the clues.

For instance, I did Baltimore as a test. The only two I think you will need to know for 80% of sports clues are Brooks Robinson (defensive whiz third baseman, #5 was retired by Baltimore, played with an unrelated Frank) and Cal Ripken Jr. (2,632 game hit streak for the Iron Man). Everyone else barely comes up. You may miss a bizarre Frank Robinson clue, but those are the biggies. Even a team like Boston doesn't have a lot of Jeopardy worthy names (Ted Williams, Carl Yastrzemski, Roger Clemens, David Ortiz, Cy Young are some of the most common). The good part about Jeopardy Sports is that they don't go THAT deep into the game. They'll usually mix all-time legends and current stars into their categories.

Since you mention college, I went through the last college tournament. Here are the sports categories from that

Streaking:
$200: Los Angeles Lakers, can be gotten by the clue (difficult), or the Kobe hint (easy, current star everyone should know)
$400: PAC-10 (College Conference referencing USC, not sure if a Pavlov helps there)
$600: Michael Phelps (A Pavlov helps there, but following any kind of culture should have gotten that. Lots of swimming medals, current)
$800: Wayne Gretzky (Hockey Legend)
$1000: Joe Dimaggio (in fact, the posts in here help with this legend)

So we have two legends, two current players, one non-person

Retired Numbers by Team: This one is easier to quantify, it's purely matching players to teams, all non-current players. This one had THREE triple stumpers, and honestly, I'm not sure how much a Pavlov would help with this. A lot of the people they picked were quasi-legends that may or may not make a good Pavlov list. Brooks Robinson made my Pavlov for the Orioles, so that would help there. I think a full blown list should hit every player, but based on Jeopardy history, there was little reason to know who Frank Robinson played for. Barkley and Chamberlain ($1200) was overpriced relative to the rest of the category and would be on any good list. Puckett, Carew, Frank Robinson, Brooks Robinson, Jim Kelly were all less likely. Bart Starr probably should be, as should Reggie White, but I'm not sure how they would. But no nicknames help here, you have to know the players

Olympic Cities: This was a Final Jeopardy, you basically have to know the cities. A good way to double down on these is to link a major Olympian to a city (say, Michael Phelps and Beijing). I missed this clue as a sports geek. My bad.

They Are The Champions: This was a trick category. It was sports questions...but everything could be answered if you know college mascots. Gators --> Florida, Tar Heels --> UNC, Cardinal --> Stanford, Upstate NY Academy --> West Point. The only one that wasn't a team name was "Bowling", but if you're not gonna get it with strike, spare, and roll in the clue, oh well. Knowing sports here can negate that need (knowing the NCAA Basketball, Football, Bowling, Boxing, and Rowing champs), but it wasn't how it was meant to be solved.

On His Baseball Hall of Fame Plaque: The poster child for how a Pavlov thread would help...and why I think it's best to do it by team with facts. Five clues, one nickname, but they were all people every Jeopardy contestant should know. Babe Ruth, Ty Cobb, Rickey Henderson, Ted Williams, and Reggie Jackson. Mr. October was the only nickname (Jackson, listed above). But Ruth/Cobb/Williams all had teams and years listed, and Henderson could be gotten with any knowledge on stolen bases.

NFL Logos: This one's tough to really study for. A Pavlov linking teams to players could also help, indirectly, with team names. For instance, if Peyton Manning is on a list, he will be IDed as a Colt...and a blue horseshoe could be linked to the Colts. Of course, they could make the mistake of linking a horseshoe to the Broncos. Toughie.

So I think, if the last college tournament is emblematic, it's worthwhile to know your sports. Half the games had a full category on sports, with a final Jeopardy. The one before that, by my count, only had three sports categories. But one was in the final game (not that a list would help much with that except by coincidence), and there were several college categories as well that can be helped by IDing college sports teams. I think, if you're going for a college tournament, a good sports list should include famous college athletes and schools.

These are players I consider key players and who have at least three mentions in the archive as parts of a clue and/or answer. I am going to do Hall of Famers first, and then I will put modern players. Jeopardy rarely asks about players who aren't HoFs, current players, or those with good enough records to be HoF who aren't in. This isn't quite the perfect, choppy facts list, but it can be edited if needed. And I'll italicize the biggies (IMO). I will note, I feel like there are many more significant players, but if they don't use players like Dennis Eckersley and Harmon Killebrew in their clues...

It's easily possible I've missed some big names, feel free to suggest.

I also am editing in current (all) and past (important) stadium names.

Baltimore Orioles (Camden Yards)
Brooks Robinson - Third baseman, retired #5. Can be paired with "Frank Robinson" in clues as an unrelated teammate.

Cal Ripken Jr. - "The Iron Man", played in 2,632 games to break Lou Gehrig's consecutive games record, famous shortstop.

Frank Robinson - First black MLB manager, unrelated teammate to Brooks Robinson, 1956 RotY (those are three facts that have been in all five Frank Robinson clues)

Boston Red Sox (Fenway Park)
Carlton Fisk - "Pudge", famous power hitting catcher who hit Game-Winning Home Run in 1975 (only referenced three times)

Ted Williams - "The Splendid Splinter", hit .406 in 1941 (last player to hit over .400), famous Red Sox LF who was also a marine and went to war, very high batting average, played into the 1960's (began in the 1930s)

Carl Yastrezemski - "Yaz", last player to win the Triple Crown (1967; Batting Average, RBI, and HR), top outfielder in 1960s and 1970s.

David Ortiz - "Big Papi", known for his walk-off homeruns, Red Sox Designated Hitter

New York Yankees (Yankee Stadium)

Babe Ruth - "The Bambino", "The Sultan of Swat" - Probably the most famous player ever. 714 home runs, famous power hitter and pitcher (he played for Boston too), Hank Aaron broke his homerun record. Basically, if you see a home run question from before 1960 or so, the answer is probably Babe Ruth...especially if you're spotted Yankees.

Yogi Berra - His clues almost exclusively relate to his bizarre quotes. It's almost Pavlovian: if they ask for a baseball player with a weird quote, it's Yogi. Otherwise, Yankee Catcher (past) is almost always Berra too.

Joe Dimaggio - "The Yankee Clipper", "Joltin' Joe": 56 game hit streak, married to Marilyn Monroe, references in "Mrs. Robinson".

Whitey Ford - Look out for him on "Ford" themed boards. Yankee + Ford = Whitey. That's all you need.

Lou Gehrig - Died of ALS in 1941 (Lou Gehrig's Disease), gave famous/immortalized farewell speech in 1939, played in 2,130 straight games and earned nickname "The Iron Horse"

Goose Gossage - Technically had three clues, but he was a Hall of Fame reliever with a kickass mustache whose name was Goose. Yeah.

Reggie Jackson - "Mr. October" hit three home runs in a single World Series game in 1977.

Mickey Mantle - Yankees CF in the 1950s and 1960s, #7, won the Triple Crown in 1956, from Oklahoma. Mantle's a hard one to quick fact because his clues are diverse.

Casey Stengel - Yankees manager, usually paired with a quote with a manly/tough/old nature.

Derek Jeter - Yankees Shortstop in 1990s and 2000s, "Mr. November"

Alex Rodriguez - Former Mariners, Rangers SS/3B. Largest contract in baseball history (big contract usually equals A-Rod).

Roger Maris - Broke Babe Ruth's single season home-run record in 1961 with 61 home runs, raced with Mickey Mantle for that title. Usually paired with the number "61" or "Mickey Mantle" in clues.

Tampa Bay Rays (Tropicana Field)
This is a new franchise with no HoFs.

Toronto Blue Jays (Rogers Centre/Skydome (old name))
They haven't had anyone go in with their logo into the HoF, their players are covered elsewhere.

Chicago White Sox (U.S. Cellular Field; Comiskey Stadium)
Charles Comiskey - The White Sox old ballpark is named after him.

Joe Jackson - "Shoeless Joe", star outfielder who got banned from baseball in the 1919 Black Sox betting scandal.

Cleveland Indians (Progressive Field/Jacobs Field)

Bob Feller - "Bullet", Hall of Fame Cleveland Indians pitcher. That's it.

Bob Lemon - Also a Hall of Fame Cleveland Pitcher; these two are often paired with one another. He was also fired by George Steinbrenner twice.

Cy Young - Known as a Red Sox and Cleveland Naps pitcher, best known for having 511 wins, the most wins/losses in MLB history, and an award named after him. "Cyclone" was another nickname.

Detroit Tigers (Comerica Park; Tiger Stadium)

Ty Cobb - Georgia Peach, had a ton of hits, virulently racist and offensive, early 20th century, really high batting average (.366 is Pavlovian), sharpened his spikes

Kansas City Royals (Kauffman Stadium)

George Brett - Pine Tar Incident, batting champion third baseman in 1970's and 1980's

Minnesota Twins/Washington Senators (Target Field; Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome; Griffith Stadium (as the Senators))

Walter Johnson - "The Big Train", dominant strikeout pitcher for the Senators

Rod Carew - Only two clues, both requiring an ID of Carew as a Twin

Kirby Puckett - Just know he was an outfielder for the Twins. Very popular, left due to sight issues.

Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim/Anaheim Angels/California Angels

No Hall of Famers have been inducted with an Angels cap

Oakland/Kansas City/Philadelphia A's (Oakland Coliseum, Shibe Park/Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia)

Connie Mack - Legendary Manager, given name Cornelius Alexander McGillicuddy, had a grandson with the same name as a Florida senator.

Rickey Henderson - All-Time stolen base leader, legendary speedster, had some amusing egotistical quotes. Just know that he stole a lot of bases, including over 100 in a season or two.

Catfish Hunter - Given name James (Jim) Hunter, they'll usually just ask for Catfish. Signed a big contract with the Yankees in the 1970's but spent most of his time in Oakland

Seattle Mariners (Safeco Field; Kingdome)

No one has been inducted with a Seattle cap, but...

Ken Griffey Jr. - Currently active centerfielder, often referenced as a Seattle Mariner OF who hit a lot of homeruns in the 1990s, very popular. The "son" part of the first father-son to play in the same game.

Randy Johnson - "The Big Unit" - very tall, lots of strikeouts, perfect game in 2004, co-MVPs with Curt Schilling in 2001 World Series

Ichiro Suzuki - Japanese hitter who set MLB record for single-season hits.

Texas Rangers/Washington Senators (Rangers Ballpark in Arlington/Ameriquest Field; D.C. Stadium/RFK Stadium in Washington) ,

Nolan Ryan - "The Ryan Express", holds career strikeout record, seven no-hitters, played in Texas, Houston, Anaheim, and New York (N)

Atlanta Braves (Turner Field; Atlanta Fulton County Stadium)

Henry "Hank" Aaron - Also known as Hammerin' Hank (there are two...beware the Hank Greenberg trick!), hit 755 HRs and held the record until Barry Bonds broke it. First player alphabetically in the HoF. Just know the numbers 715, 755 (both Pavlovian for Aaron). Hit #715 off of Al Downing. Won the Spingarn Medal (NAACP).

Florida Marlins (Sun Life Stadium)

No Hall of Famers who don the Marlins logo

New York Mets (CitiField; Shea Stadium)

Tom Seaver - Every clue on him has referenced his nickname "Tom Terrific". 1960s and 1970s (primarily) as a pitcher

Mike Piazza - He could go here or the Dodgers. Catcher who broke Carlton Fisk's record for HR by a catcher, former Jeopardy player, known for signing a couple big contracts.

Philadelphia Phillies (Citizens Bank Park; Veterans' Stadium)

Jim Bunning - Perfect Game + Senator from Kentucky

Mike Schmidt - Third baseman known for his home run hitting all in Philly

Washington Nationals (Nationals Park)

Brand new franchise.

Chicago Cubs (Wrigley Field)

Tinker to Evers to Chance: OK, I'd bet almost anything that they'd never be used apart. The most famous double play combination of all time. Tinker was a Shortstop, Evers was a Second Baseman, Chance was a first baseman. This was a clue that Ken Jennings botched when he had to give them in a different order.

Ernie Banks - "Mr. Cub", famous SS/1B, first black Cubs player, won consecutive MVPs for the first time in the NL.

Sammy Sosa - Hit over 60 homeruns three times in the 1990s for the Cubs.

Cincinnati Reds (Great American Ballpark; Riverfront Stadium; Crosley Field)

George "Sparky" Anderson - First manager to win 100 games in both leagues (one season), won World Series with Detroit and Cincinnati, known as Sparky and common in a nickname category.

Johnny Bench - Catcher in the 1960s and 1970s, widely considered an all-time great. Reds + Catcher = Bench (as they never use Ernie Lombardi)

Joe Morgan - Rarely used; Cincinnati second baseman in 1970s, part of the Big Red Machine, current ESPN broadcaster

Pete Rose - "Charlie Hustle", all time leader in hits and games played, has second longest hitting streak, banned for betting on baseball, aggressive baserunner (knocked over a catcher in an all-star exhibition and brawled)

Houston Astros (Minute Maid Field; Houston Astrodome)

No one has gone in as a HoF for them

Milwaukee Brewers (Miller Park, Milwaukee County Stadium)

Robin Yount - On Brewers for a very long time (20 years), last member alphabetically in the HoF.

Pittsburgh Pirates (PNC Park, Three Rivers Stadium, Forbes Field)

Honus Wagner - His clues have been different each time, famous power-hitting shortstop for the Pirates, on the most famous/expensive baseball card of all-time (T206) (I'd say if a player is needed for a card, it's Pavlovian for Wagner or Mantle, go by year). Among the first five Hall of Famers

Roberto Clemente - Puerto-Rican outfielder, exactly 3,000 hits, died in a helicopter crash while delivering supplies to Nicaragua,

Willie Stargell - Leader of the 1979 Pittsburgh Pirates (We Are Family), left fielder/first baseman with a retired number 8 in Pittsburgh

St. Louis Cardinals (Busch Stadium)

Jay "Dizzy" Dean - "Dizzy" Dean will often be paired with "Daffy" Dean (Paul), was a Secretary of State, star pitcher in 1930s.

Stan Musial - "The Man" is in almost every clue, know he was a famous Cardinal player starring in the 1940s.

Bob Gibson - Hall of Fame pitcher in the 1960's, holds single-game WS record for strikeouts (17)

Lou Brock - The OTHER basestealer (NL + Base Stealer probably equals Brock). Stole over 900 bases in NL, Cardinals LF, often paired with Rickey Henderson.

Ozzie Smith - "The Wizard", defensively strong shortstop

Mark McGwire - Former A's/Cardinals first baseman, prolific power hitter, broke Maris' single-season record. Usually, Home Runs + 90s = McGwire

Arizona Diamondbacks (Chase Field/Bank One Ballpark "BOB")

No HoFers yet

Colorado Rockies (Coors Field)

No HoFers yet

Los Angeles (Brooklyn) Dodgers (Dodger Stadium in LA; Ebbets Field in Brooklyn)

Jackie Robinson - Broke baseball's color barrier when brought in by Branch Rickey (1947), won the Spingarn Medal, won the first Rookie of the Year, second baseman for Brooklyn for a decade, was placed on a commemorative coin in 1997

Roy Campanella - Brooklyn catcher whose career was cut short by an automobile accident.

Sanford "Sandy" Koufax - Three-time Cy Young winner left-handed pitcher who retired in his prime due to an arthritic elbow. Four no-hitter, prolific strikeout pitcher, notably Jewish (took the holidays off from games)

Walter Alston - Pavlovian connection to Tommy Lasorda, only two managers of Dodgers for 40+ years.

Pee Wee Reese - "Pee Wee" and "Little Colonel", second baseman contemporary with Jackie Robinson.

Tommy Lasorda - Dodgers manager/GM for a really long time, managed two world series winners in the 1980s

Manny Ramirez - Former Red Sox, Indians slugger. Tested positive for banned substance; big RBI man, Manny Being Manny.

San Diego Padres (Petco Park)
Tony Gwynn - Likely the only Padre you'll hear about, closest to hitting .400 since Ted Williams, major contact hitter.

San Francisco/New York Giants (AT&T Park, Candlestick Park, The Polo Grounds (New York Giants)

Willie Mays - "Say Hey Kid", Giants OF who hit over 650 HRs in his career and was a centerfielder in the 1950s-1970s. Barry Bonds' godfather, made famous catch in the World Series off a Vic Wertz hit

Juan Marichal - Attacked the Dodgers' John Roseboro with a bat. A ton of other good things, but Jeopardy doesn't care.

Barry Bonds - 90s and 00s slugger with most homeruns in baseball history, seven MVPs, also stole bases and walked a lot. Center of a steroid scandal

Other Hall of Fames - Unaffiliated Teams

Kenesaw Mountain Landis - First baseball commissioner, banned the Black Sox, was a judge

Branch Rickey - Dodgers/Cardinals GM, created the "Farm System", "luck is the residue of design", brought Jackie Robinson into the league

Leroy "Satchel" Paige - First black major league pitcher, oldest player ever, Negro Leagues superstar. Odds are, if Negro Leagues come up, the answer's going to be Gibson if it's a player.

Tennis
The Battle of the Sexes - Billie Jean King vs. Bobby Riggs (BJK won)
Stabbed Player - Monica Seles
Aneres Clothing Line - Serena Williams (Serena's name spelled backward)
Current Swiss player - Roger Federer
Black male tennis player - Arthur Ashe
Historic black female tennis player - Althea Gibson

Recent Sports Record Breakers/Notables with whom you should probably be familiar
Shawn Johnson (gymnastics - won Dancing with the Stars)
Michael Phelps (swimming - most gold medals in a single Olympics, most golds of any Olympian)
Evan Lysacek (figure skating - currently on Dancing with the Stars, US Olympic Gold Medalist)
Usain Bolt (track)
Shaun White (snowboarding)
Calvin Borel (horse racing - won Kentucky Derby 3 of the last 4 years)
David Beckham (soccer - with the Los Angeles Galaxy)
Chad Ochocinco (football - Dancing with the Stars, legal name change last name = jersey number)
Lorena Ochoa (golf - #1 ranked LPGA player from Mexico, announced retirement in April)

Other Random Things
Finnish Runner - Paavo Nurmi ("Flying Finn")
First Class Inducted in 2010 - NASCAR Hall of Fame (Charlotte, NC)
Poker Player with "appropriate name" - Chris Moneymaker
Female poker player - probably Annie Duke
Female celebrity poker player - Jennifer Tilly
College World Series location - Omaha, NE


And to piggyback off the mention of Marion Jones, she recently switched to the WNBA. She now plays for the Tulsa Shock.

I'd also throw in some of the more common stadium names, which can come up not just in "sports" categories but "corporate sponsorship" cats as well, as we saw recently.


Kip Keino: a track and field/Olympics name that I'm surprised hasn't come up in either referenced thread. In the 1960s he became the first in a long string of medal-winning Kenyan middle- and long-distance runners, and he was a pioneer of the high-altitude training that sustains that tradition.

The Admiral: David Robinson, S.A. Spurs, mainly '90s (he actually was a lieutenant j.g. at the time of his basketball-related early Navy discharge)
Twin Towers: applied to several tandems of really tall guys in the NBA. Most successful were David Robinson + Tim Duncan from 1997-2003 (interestingly, I've never heard of any flashy nickname for Duncan), who helped the Spurs win two championships.
The Iceman: George Gervin, S.A. Spurs, '70s and '80s (short stint at the end with Chicago)
The Glide: Clyde Drexler, '80s and '90s, Portland Trail Blazers and Houston Rockets (fewer years with Houston but he won a championship with them)
The Dream: Hakeem Olajuwon (for a while he spelled his name "Akeem"), '80s and '90s, Houston Rockets. He and Drexler were teammates at the University of Houston in two NCAA championship games, in addition to having an NBA title year together.
The Pearl: Earl Monroe, '60s and '70s, Baltimore Bullets and New York Knicks
"Pistol Pete" Maravich, '70s, Atlanta Hawks, New Orleans Jazz, Boston Celtics; holds NCAA scoring record from his years at Louisiana State University
The Stilt: Wilt Chamberlain, '60s and '70s (after a year with the Harlem Globetrotters), Philadelphia/San Francisco Warriors, Philadelphia 76ers, L.A. Lakers, then a litigation-marked stint with the San Diego Conquistadors of the ABA. He is the only NBA player to score 100 points in a game and 4,000 points in a season; the dimensions of the free throw lane and rules for free throws were changed because of him.
Human Highlight Film: Dominique Wilkins, '80s and '90s, Atlanta Hawks then several other teams for short stints.
The Mailman: Karl Malone, '80s through '00s, Utah Jazz and L.A. Lakers.
Air Jordan: Michael Jordan, '80s and '80s, Chicago Bulls with notorious short stints with the Washington Wizards and the Chicago White Sox minor league organization.
Dr. J: Julius Erving, '70s and '80s, ABA Virginia Squires and New York Nets, NBA Philly 76ers. He is one of several stars who kept the financially marginal ABA strong enough for a few teams to survive as part of the NBA. Other such stars include the aforementioned Gervin as well as ...
A-Train: Artis Gilmore, '70s and '80s, ABA Kentucky Colonels, NBA Chicago Bulls and S.A. Spurs.
Worm and Robo-Rebounder: Dennis Rodman, '80s and '90s, Detroit Pistons, S.A. Spurs, Chicago Bulls.
I'm getting a little fatigued so I'll just run off a few more brief ones, most of them more recent:
The Answer: Allen Iverson
Superman: Dwight Howard
Shaq Daddy, Diesel: Shaquille O'Neal
Birdman: Chris Andersen
Big Baby: Glen Davis (not to be confused with football's Glenn "Mr. Outside" Davis)

Multi-city and multi-name pro sports teams

A favorite little trivia trope of mine. Present day location and nickname is listed last. Note these lists deal only with currently operating teams.

Major League Baseball since 1900:
Boston Americans > Boston Red Sox (I've found a couple of references that say they were never officially called the Pilgrims)
Baltimore Orioles > New York Highlanders > New York Yankees
Milwaukee Brewers > St. Louis Browns > Baltimore Orioles
Washington Senators > Washington Nationals (ironically, because they were in the American League) > Washington Senators again > Minnesota Twins
Washington Senators (second try) > Texas Rangers
Philadelphia Athletics > Kansas City Athletics > Oakland Athletics
Los Angeles Angels > California Angels > Anaheim Angels > Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (and they never moved)
Boston Braves > Boston Bees > Boston Braves again > Milwaukee Braves > Atlanta Braves
Montreal Expos > Washington Nationals
Seattle Pilots (AL) > Milwaukee Brewers -- the only team in the modern era to switch leagues
Houston Colt .45s > Houston Astros
Brooklyn Superbas > Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers > Brooklyn Dodgers > Brooklyn Robins > Brooklyn Dodgers again > Los Angeles Dodgers
Cincinnati Reds > Cincinnati Redlegs > Cincinnati Reds
New York Giants > San Francisco Giants

National Basketball Association
-- which itself was formed in a merger between the Basketball Association of America and the National Basketball League and has since absorbed teams from the American Basketball Association:
Tri-Cities Black Hawks (NBL/NBA) > Milwaukee Hawks > St. Louis Hawks > Atlanta Hawks
Denver Rockets (ABA) > Denver Nuggets (ABA/NBA)
Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons (NBL) > Fort Wayne Pistons (NBL/NBA) > Detroit Pistons
Philadelphia Warriors (BAA/NBA) > San Francisco Warriors > Golden State Warriors
Detroit Gems > Minneapolis Lakers (NBL/BAA/NBA) > Los Angeles Lakers
New Jersey Americans (ABA) > New York Nets > (ABA) > New Jersey Nets (NBA); a move back to New York is in the offing
Syracuse Reds > Syracuse Nationals (NBL/NBA) > Philadelphia 76ers, the oldest continuously operating team in the league
Chicago Packers > Chicago Zephyrs > Baltimore Bullets > Capital Bullets > Washington Bullets > Washington Wizards
Seattle SuperSonics > Oklahoma City Thunder
New Orleans Jazz > Utah Jazz (which makes less sense than Los Angeles Lakers)
San Diego Rockets > Houston Rockets
Buffalo Braves > San Diego Clippers > Los Angeles Clippers
Vancouver Grizzlies > Memphis Grizzlies (and how much sense does that make?)
Charlotte Hornets > New Orleans Hornets
Dallas Chaparrals (ABA) > Texas Chaparrals > Dallas Chaparrals again > San Antonio Spurs (ABA/NBA)
Rochester Royals (NBL/NBA) > Cincinnati Royals > Kansas City/Omaha Kings > Kansas City Kings > Sacramento Kings

... whoo, if anyone is interested they can fill in football, with its CardPitts and PhilPitts and the argument over whether the Baltimore Colts really were the successor to the Dallas Texans franchise, and (OMG) hockey.


Don't forget the Cleveland - Los Angeles - Los Angeles (Anaheim) - St. Louis Rams

Not to mention the great Cleveland-Baltimore Compromise of 1996.


As far as Baltimore goes, Frank Robinson was also the first man to win the MVP in both leagues -- which if it hasn't been a J! clue yet, should be.

And John Unitas has appeared several times as a response, not to mention Earl "the Pearl" Monroe (playground legend, Bullet star and Knick fan favorite), the Preakness (second jewel of the Triple Crown, and the only one of the three named for a horse) and Johns Hopkins lacrosse.

Edit:

IIRC, the Cubs refused to give the Dodgers permission to use LA's Wrigley Field (site of the Home Run Derby TV show) when they relocated, resulting in the craziness of trying to play baseball in the LA Coliseum until Chavez Ravine could be built. But I am fairly certain that the original LA Angels DID play there, which would mean that both leagues had a Wrigley Field -- until the Big A in Anaheim was built.

Funny thing about the Memphis Grizzlies -- that was the name of the WFL Memphis team - the one that signed Csonka, Kiick, and Warfield away from the Dolphins. The team was called the Toronto Northmen when that happened, but they moved to Memphis before playing a game. Although they tried Southmen, due to the bear logo on the helmet, Grizzlies eventually was adopted as the official nickname. When Vancouver relocated, I suppose you could call it Bizarro World serendipity.


OK, I'm setting up an in-progress NFL list here. This is going to be a little bit different, although same idea as the MLB one. I'm going through Hall of Famers and putting J-worthy current players in. It's not going to be as detailed, since unlike baseball, most players here are just known for one or two things and they often share it. If they share the same fact, I'll list them together in a more Pavlov style. If there is a number next to their name, it's been used in a clue

Basic Note: They will use Super Bowl Roman Numerals.
Super Bowl I was played in 1967, and there has been one played every year since then. So Super Bowl X was 1976, XX was 1986, etc. Just to give an idea of years if they say "This QB lost Super Bowl XXVII", it was the early 1990s

Baltimore Ravens (M&T Bank Stadium)

Ray Lewis - Ravens Middle Linebacker who was MVP of Super Bowl XXXV.

Buffalo Bills - Ralph Wilson Stadium

Jim Kelly (#12), Thurman Thomas, Marv Levy - The Quarterback, Runningback, and Coach of the early 1990s Bills who lost four straight Super Bowls (but got to them)

O.J. Simpson - The vast majority of his clues relate to the trial, just know he was a good RB for the Bills before that from 1969-1977

Cincinnati Bengals - Paul Brown Stadium (see Cleveland Browns for Paul Brown info)

Norman "Boomer" Esaison - Current commentator, just know the name.

Cleveland Browns/Baltimore Ravens - Cleveland Municipal Stadium (Old Browns); Cleveland Browns Stadium (New Browns))

Jim Brown - Cleveland RB in 1950s and 1960s, acted in The Dirty Dozen, held a bunch of rushing records. Also was an elite Lacrosse player at Syracuse.

Paul Brown - Coach who the team was named after who coached the team from 1946-1962. Founded both the Cleveland Browns AND Cincinnati Bengals.
BE CAREFUL: Paul Brown Stadium is NOT Cleveland's Stadium, rather it is Cincinnati's.

Lou Groza - "The Toe", Kicker who became first person to lead the league in scoring without a Touchdown

Denver Broncos - Invesco Field at Mile High

John Elway (#7) - Famous Quarterback, passed for over 50,000 yards, won two Super Bowls to end his career and played in five, went to Stanford

Houston Texans (Reliant Stadium)

No Hall of Famers, franchise established in 2002.

Indianapolis Colts (formerly Baltimore Colts) (Lucas Oil Stadium)

Johnny Unitas (#19) - "The Man With The Golden Arm", Colts Quarterback in "The Greatest Game Ever Played" (Championship game against the Giants in 1957), 47 straight games with a Touchdown Pass. Played from 1956-1972.

Peyton Manning - Has brother in the NFL (Eli Manning), threw 49 TDs in one year, played for University of Tennessee and drafted #1.

Jacksonville Jaguars (Jacksonville Municipal Stadium (formerly AllTel Stadium)

No Hall of Famers, Franchise was established in 1995.

Kansas City Chiefs (Arrowhead Stadium)

Lamar Hunt - Former Owner of the Chiefs/Dallas Texans and the American Football League, named the "Super Bowl", AFC Championship Trophy is named after him.

Len Dawson and Hank Stram - Quarterback and Coach of the 1970 Super Bowl winning Chiefs

Miami Dolphins (Sun Life Stadium)

Larry Csonka, Bob Griese, Don Shula- The Fullback, Quarterback, and Coach of the Undefeated 1972 Miami Dolphins (only undefeated team in the Super Bowl Era for regular + postseason)

Csonka - Super Bowl MVP
Griese - Son Brian was also in the NFL, QB of the team to 1980
Shula - Holds record for coaching wins (347), playoff games coached (36)

Dan Marino (#13) - Held almost every passing record at one point, passed for over 50,000 yards in his career and over 5,000 in one season.

New England Patriots (Gillette Stadium)

Tom Brady - Quarterback who won three Super Bowls in the 2000s, used to play for the University of Michigan, threw 50 TDs in one season.

Drew Bledsoe - Former Patriots and Bills QB, #1 pick in 1993.

New York Jets (Meadowlands Stadium)

Joe "Willie" Namath - "Broadway Joe", guaranteed victory in Super Bowl III and pulled off the upset v. the Colts, played for the University of Alabama

Oakland (Los Angeles) Raiders (Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum)

Marcus Allen - Former USC (University of Southern California) and Raider runningback.

Al Davis - Former Coach and Current Owner of the Raiders

John Madden- Former Head Coach now best known for being a former announcer and face of Madden NFL Football Video Games

Pittsburgh Steelers (Heinz Field))

Terry Bradshaw - QB who won four Super Bowls, two Super Bowl MVPs, (won the SB in 1975, 1976, 1979, and 1980).

"Mean" Joe Greene - Known the nickname, that he was a Defensive Tackle, and that he was in a famous Coke commercial.

Franco Harris - Immaculate Reception in a playoff game vs. Oakland, MVP of Super Bowl IX

Jack Lambert, Jack Ham - Linebackers in the "Steel Curtain" defense

Chuck Noll - Coach who won four Super Bowls (most ever) and designed the Steel Curtain defense

Bill Cowher - Former Steelers coach in the 1990s and 2000s who won Super Bowl 40 with the Steelers.

Lynn Swann - Wide Receiver in 1970s who tried for a political career in Pennsylvania.

San Diego Chargers (QualComm Stadium)

Dan Fouts - Quarterback in 1970s and 1980s for the S.D. Chargers.

Kellen Winslow - Tight End in the 1980s

Tennessee Titans (Formerly the Houston Oilers) (LP Field))

Earl Campbell - Won the Heisman in 1977, led the NFL in rushing from 1978-1980, played for the Oilers for several years

Warren Moon - In both the Pro Football and Canadian Football Hall of Fame, lots of interceptions and lots of yards, look for space puns with his name.

Arizona Cardinals (University of Phoenix Stadium)

Dan Dierdorf - Former Monday Night Football announcer

Dick "Night Train" Lane - Had fourteen INTs in one year and has the nickname "Night Train". Also could be listed under Detroit.

Jim Thorpe - OK, this is cheating, but he was a football and decathlon star, known as one of the Greatest Athletes Ever. A Native American often paired with the phrase "greatest athlete" in some way. One year with the Chicago Cardinals.

Atlanta Falcons (Georgia Dome)

Deion Sanders - "Neon Deion" or "Primetime", one of the most exciting and fast cornerbacks in the NFL in the 1990s, also played baseball.

(EDIT: 7/28): Michael Vick - former Falcons rushing QB, charged with dogfighting, currently with the Philadelphia Eagles (he had another clue on the 7/27 show so I thought it was time to add him in there)

Carolina Panthers (Bank of America Stadium)

Too new for any really major player. Expansion team in 1995, play in North Carolina (Charlotte).

Chicago Bears (Soldier Field)

Dick Butkus - #51, linebacker for the Bears.

Mike Ditka - A Tight End in his playing days, also coached "Da Bears" in the 1980s and commentated.

Harold "Red" Grange - The Galloping Ghost was a Bears runningback in the 1920s and part of Notre Dame's Four Horseman. Also had red hair (they like this on J! for some reason).

George Halas - Legendary Coach for the Bears ranging from 1920-1967, also owned the team for a time, known as "Papa Bear"

Bronko Nagurski - Played RB for the Bears in the NFL, has a college defensive player trophy named after him.

Walter Payton - "Sweetness", #34, legendary runningback, broke Jim Brown's rushing record.

Gale Sayers - Short lived but dynamic runningback, the "Kansas Comet" was paired with Brian Piccolo as the first interracial roommates in the NFL and as a main subject of Brian's Song (film).

Dallas Cowboys (Cowboys Stadium)

Troy Aikman - #1 pick in 1989, led Cowboys to multiple Super Bowls in 1990s as "America's Team", used to play for UCLA

Tony Dorsett - UPitt and Cowboys runningback who set the record for rushing yards in a single play (99) (sorry, messed up the U the first time. Thanks for the catch on that)

"Bullet" Bob Hayes, Ed "Too Tall" Jones - Nicknames to know. See additional information in a post below.

Michael Irvin - Wide Receiver who had some legal issues but is an ESPN analyst now.

Tom Landry - Long-term legendary coach of the Cowboys, lots of wins, known for his hat; 29 years with the Cowboys and 36 playoff games coached

Emmitt Smith - #22, runningback who set the record for rushing yards in a career, won the third season of Dancing with the Stars.

Roger Staubach - Quarterback out of the Naval Academy, was Cowboys QB for a decade, mostly in the 1970s.

Detroit Lions (Ford Field)

Barry Sanders - Hall of Fame Runningback who once rushed for over 2,000 yards in a season.

Green Bay Packers (Lambeau Field)

Paul Hornung - Placekicker/Runningback who set a record for scoring in 1960, Notre Dame alum.

Earl Curly Lambeau - Owner/Coach who the field is named after.

Vince Lombardi - Legendary coach, known for his quotes on winning (Winning isn't everything, it's the only thing; winner of first two Super Bowls as coach and the trophy is named after him.

Bart Starr - Won the first two Super Bowl MVPs at Quarterback; pulled off a QB Sneak to win the Ice Bowl (a famous 1967 game where the field was essentially ice)

Brett Favre - Long Time Packers QB, also played for Atlanta (before), New York Jets, and Minnesota Vikings (after). Over 50,000 passing yards, lots of Interceptions and Touchdowns, long consecutive game streak, won a SB in 1997.

Minnesota Vikings (Mall of America Field at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome)

Fran Tarkenton - Hall of Fame Quarterback

Randy Moss - Former Viking, Raider, and current Patriot WR with a lot of touchdown catches, active.

Alan Page - Defensive Tackle for the "Purple People Eaters" and a State Supreme Court Justice

New Orleans Saints (Louisiana Superdome)

Tom Dempsey - Kicked a 63-yard field goal (record)

Reggie Bush - Won the Heisman Trophy in 2005, one of three University of Southern California players to do it in the 2000s.

New York Giants (Meadowlands Stadium)

Eli Manning - Paired with brother Peyton Manning, current QB and Super Bowl winner over undefeated (to that point) Patriots.

Lawrence Taylor - "LT", linebacker #56, broke Joe Theismann's leg on Monday Night Football (I would list Theismann under Redskins, but all the clues have to do with the leg or oddball general trivia)

Philadelphia Eagles (Lincoln Financial Field)

Reggie White - #92, defensive lineman, lots of sacks, retired number in Philly and Green Bay.

San Francisco 49ers (Candlestick Park)

Ronnie Lott - Defensive Back in the 1980s

Joe Montana (#16) - Three Super Bowl MVPs for the 49ers from 1979-1992. One of the best (and most used in J! terms) QBs ever, also was the QB behind "The Catch" to Dwight Clark in an NFC Championship game.

Jerry Rice - Wide Receiver who holds almost every wide receiving record, was also a Super Bowl MVP.

Steve Young - The Quarterback who followed Joe Montana, won a Super Bowl, is the great-great-great grandson and alumnus of Brigham Young University.

Terrell Owens - Talented but problematic WR who played for San Fran, Philly, Dallas, and Buffalo. Known as "T.O."

Seattle Seahawks (Qwest Field)

Paul Allen - Owner of the Seahawks and co-founder of Microsoft

St. Louis Rams (Edward Jones Dome)

Elroy "Crazy Legs" Hirsch - Wide Receiver, know the nickname.

David "Deacon" Jones - Defensive Lineman, know the nickname.

Kurt Warner - QB and Super Bowl MVP of the Rams in Super Bowl XXXIV, played in the Arena Football League.

Tampa Bay Buccaneers (Raymond James Stadium)

No players, but Jeopardy likes to use their logo for clues (Skull, Two Swords, and a Football with a Deep Red and Pewter color scheme)

Washington Redskins (FedEx Field)

George Allen - Head Coach in the 1970s, son was governor/senator from Virginia.

Joe Gibbs - Coach who won three Super Bowls and owns a NASCAR team

Doug Williams - First African-American QB to win a Super Bowl (XXII)

Originally Posted by Fishercat (Post 844230)
Franco Harris - Immaculate Reception in Super Bowl IX
The catch in question was actually from a playoff game against Oakland, not the Super Bowl.

Also, I think you might include the "No Name" Defense for the Dolphins.

Michael Vick played for the Falcons, as did Deion Sanders.

Not likely to come up on the show, but worth mentioning......The new Cleveland Browns are legally the old Browns and the Ravens are legally an expansion franchise. When the team moved, it was part of the deal all records would stay behind for the new team.

For the college tournament, I imagine the following is all you would ever need to know about hockey:

- the very basic rules of the game - three 20-minute periods, penalty box, power play, offside, icing, overtime, shootout, etc.
- all 30 team names and logos
- trophy is the Stanley Cup
- the Montreal Canadiens are the most successful franchise historically, with 24 Stanley Cups
- Wayne Gretzky holds all the records; he played for the Edmonton Oilers in the 1980's until traded to the L.A. Kings
- Sidney Crosby (Pittsburgh, Canadian) and Alexander Ovechkin (Washington, Russian) are widely considered the two best players today
- Canada beat the US in overtime for gold in the 2010 Olympics - Crosby scored the winning goal
- the US team, an underdog composed largely of college players, won the 1980 Olympic gold in Lake Placid - their upset of the favored Soviets was dubbed the "miracle on ice"
- you should know who wins the cup this year, which will probably be Chicago as they are up 2-0 in the finals
- nowadays most of the arenas are indistinguishable, but you should know that the New York Rangers play in Madison Square Garden, and probably that the Detroit Red Wings play in Joe Louis Arena


For the regular show you might also be asked more about the history of the game - names like Lemieux, Howe, Orr, Messier, Brett and Bobby Hull, Phil Esposito, Steve Yzerman.


Tony Dorsett did not play for The University of Texas. He played at Pitt (and won the Heisman).

I'm going to speculate that you confused him with Earl Campbell, who played for UT and the Houston Oilers

Not sure if they've ever ask or would, but the Cowboys have also appeared in more Super Bowls (8) than any other franchise.

O.J. Simpson - The vast majority of his clues relate to the trial, just know he was a good RB for the Bills before that from 1969-1977

John Elway (#7) - Famous Quarterback, passed for over 50,000 yards, won two Super Bowls to end his career and played in five, went to Stanford

"Mean" Joe Greene - Known the nickname, that he was a Defensive Tackle, and that he was in a famous Coke commercial.

Deion Sanders - "Neon Deion" or "Primetime", one of the most exciting and fast cornerbacks in the NFL in the 1990s, also played baseball.

George Halas - Legendary Coach for the Bears ranging from 1920-1967, also owned the team for a time, known as "Papa Bear"

Gale Sayers - Short lived but dynamic runningback, the "Kansas Comet" was paired with Brian Piccolo as the first interracial roommates in the NFL and as a main subject of Brian's Song (film).

Tony Dorsett - UTexas and Cowboys runningback who set the record for rushing yards in a single play (99).

"Bullet" Bob Hayes, Ed "Too Tall" Jones - Nicknames to know (both were WRs for the Cowboys as well)
Just a few comments/corrections/additions:

O.J. Simpson was first known as the Heisman-winning tailback, one in a long series to come out of Southern Cal. He was also the NFL's first back to rush for 2,000+ yards in a season.

Elway was on the sidelines against Cal. when the "Stanford Band" play beat his team. He seemed destined to become the first quarterback to lead his team to four SB losses until he won two of them in his final two seasons.

Mean Joe: the only halfway decent football player ever to come from one of my alma maters, North Texas State. (Please note that the ad was for Coca Cola, not cocaine.)

Sanders, among other things, was:
1) the only NFL player in history to score a touchdown all six ways that one can be scored: rush from scrimmage, pass reception, kickoff return, punt return, interception return, and fumble return; and
2) IIRC also the only man ever to play in both a Super Bowl (he won) and the World Series (he lost).

Halas for many years held the record for most coaching victories. At his death he was the last surviving founder (from 1920) of the NFL.

Sayers and Ernie Nevers were the only two players to score six TDs in an NFL game.

Dorsett was the Heisman-trophy-winning running back at Pittsburgh (not U. of Texas). Until graduation he pronounced his name DOR-sett and for some inexplicable reason began pronouncing it Dor-SETT after being drafted into the NFL. Roger Staubach joked that he would begin calling himself Roger Stau-BACH.

Bob Hayes remains the only man to win a Super Bowl championship ring (with the Cowboys, over Miami, in SB VI) and an Olympic gold medal (actually two, in Tokyo, 1964, for the 100-meter run and anchoring the 4X100 relay team). He also set a later speed record by serving a five-year drug trafficking sentence in 8 months, but that's another story.)

Ed ("Too Tall") Jones (6'9") left football for a year to try a career in boxing. Despite a 6-0 record he dropped that and returned to football. He was never a wide receiver in the NFL, spending his entire career on the defensive line.
Originally Posted by medellin (Post 844301)
- Wayne Gretzky holds all the records; he played for the Edmonton Oilers in the 1980's until traded to the L.A. Kings
Two other NHL team "The Great One" played for are the St. Louis Blues and the New York Rangers.

Originally Posted by John Boy (Post 844314)
Dorsett was the Heisman-trophy-winning running back at Pittsburgh (not U. of Texas). Until graduation he pronounced his name DOR-sett and for some inexplicable reason began pronouncing it Dor-SETT after being drafted into the NFL. Roger Staubach joked that he would begin calling himself Roger Stau-BACH.
Another pronounciation change involves QB Joe Theismann. The family name was originally "These-man" but Notre Dame PR Dept insisted that he be called "Thighs-man" to rhyme with the trophy in order to increase interest. Didn't work, Joe finished second in the Heisman Trophy voting to Jim Plunkett (Stanford's other famous QB). He later led the Redskins to the first of their three Super Bowl victories, but he may best be remembered for the horrifying nationally-televised leg breaking administered to him by Lawrence Taylor. :eek:

Tampa Bay Buccaneers (Raymond James Stadium)

No players, but Jeopardy likes to use their logo for clues (Skull, Two Swords, and a Football with a Deep Red and Pewter color scheme)
Formerly played in the "Big Sombrero" and we do have a Hall-of-Famer in Leeroy Selmon (not that he'll ever be a J! clue, but I'm throwing him in there anyway :) ).

Also, you might want to throw a mention of the Heidi Game in there.

New York Yankees (Yankee Stadium)

Babe Ruth - "The Bambino", "The Sultan of Swat" - Probably the most famous player ever. 714 home runs, famous power hitter and pitcher (he played for Boston too), Hank Aaron broke his homerun record. Basically, if you see a home run question from before 1960 or so, the answer is probably Babe Ruth...especially if you're spotted Yankees.

Yogi Berra - His clues almost exclusively relate to his bizarre quotes. It's almost Pavlovian: if they ask for a baseball player with a weird quote, it's Yogi. Otherwise, Yankee Catcher (past) is almost always Berra too.

Joe Dimaggio - "The Yankee Clipper", "Joltin' Joe": 56 game hit streak, married to Marilyn Monroe, references in "Mrs. Robinson".

Whitey Ford - Look out for him on "Ford" themed boards. Yankee + Ford = Whitey. That's all you need.

Lou Gehrig - Died of ALS in 1941 (Lou Gehrig's Disease), gave famous/immortalized farewell speech in 1939, played in 2,130 straight games and earned nickname "The Iron Horse"

Goose Gossage - Technically had three clues, but he was a Hall of Fame reliever with a kickass mustache whose name was Goose. Yeah.

Reggie Jackson - "Mr. October" hit three home runs in a single World Series game in 1977.

Mickey Mantle - Yankees CF in the 1950s and 1960s, #7, won the Triple Crown in 1956, from Oklahoma. Mantle's a hard one to quick fact because his clues are diverse.

Casey Stengel - Yankees manager, usually paired with a quote with a manly/tough/old nature.

Derek Jeter - Yankees Shortstop in 1990s and 2000s, "Mr. November"

Alex Rodriguez - Former Mariners, Rangers SS/3B. Largest contract in baseball history (big contract usually equals A-Rod).
Perhaps a mention of Roger Maris and his 61 homers in '61 to break Babe Ruth's season record. Not sure how many clues they've had about him, though.

Perhaps a mention of Roger Maris and his 61 homers in '61 to break Babe Ruth's season record. Not sure how many clues they've had about him, though.
None recently, but a couple dozen over the years, according to the Archive.


Mark McGwire - Former A's/Cardinals first baseman, prolific power hitter, broke Maris' single-season record. Usually, Home Runs + 90s = McGwire
You may have forgotten him above, but at least you credited him here without an asterisk! :) My honors thesis had to be about Americana, and I wrote about the '50s Yankees, which gave me a great appreciation for Maris.
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Re: Pavlov revival

Post by dhkendall » Tue Dec 27, 2011 11:42 pm

Part 2:


With golf, it's a unique sport for Jeopardy because they have two types of golf clues. Unlike with baseball, where they focus heavily on players and teams, Jeopardy golf clues focus on both golfers/courses and "golf terms"

Golf Terms:

Course Terminology:

Bunker - Sand Trap, Hazard
Water Hazard - A generally unplayable area sunken with water resulting in a one-stroke penalty
Green - The flattened grass area used for putting
Rough - An area with high grass meant to impede swings
Dogleg - A curved fairway on a golf course, often looks like ">". Often given "canine" as a TOM
Divot - A large chunk of grass taken from the ground on a shot attempt, needs to be replaced
Flagstick - A marker used to recognize hole location from a distance, removed on the put (also known as the Pin)

Scoring Terminology:

Par - Getting the ball in in the exact number of prescribed strokes (5 shots on a hold meant to be made in 5 shots)
Birdie - "..." in one shot less (4 shots on a Par 5 hole)
Eagle - "..." in two shots less (3 shots on a Par 5 hole)
Double Eagle or Albatross - "..." in three shots less (2 shots on a Par 5 hole), "Double Eagle" is the safer and expected answer
Bogey - "..." in one shot more (6 shots on a par 5 hole)
Double Bogey - "..." in two shots more (7 shots on a par 5 hole)
Hole in One (Ace) - Getting the ball in the hole in one shot, regardless of the "Par" amount (it's usually a Par 3 hole).

(Note: The hypothetical names for four under par (Condor) and five under par (Ostrich) seem about as likely to be seen on the show as they are to happen in real life: very low)

Golf Club Terminology

Driver - Strongest club, used in tee shots, also known as a "one wood"
Wood - The next set of clubs, used on long distance and tee shots
Iron - Type of intermediate golf club, knowing it's a "club" is most important
Wedge - A short distance club used in sand traps and for lofting shots
Putter - A ground based club used for rolling the ball to the hole on the green.
Callaway - The most commonly referenced type of clue
Titanium - A commonly used material in clubs

Miscellaneous Terminology

Approach Shot - The shot before a putt from a short distance, commonly a chip shot
Caddy - A person who carries the clubs and equipment for the golfer
The Cut - The group of golfers who qualify for the second half of a tournament
Downswing --> Impact --> Follow-through - Parts of a golf swing
Driving Range - An area used for practicing tee shots
Fore - What is yelled at someone who the ball is heading towards
Handicap - A scoring adjustment made to equate golfers of different skill.
Hook/Slice - A curviture of the ball in the air that is often meant to go around an obstacle (such as a tree)
Links - A common term for a golf course, often on a coast line
Match Play - A type of tournament where golfers face each other "head to head" as opposed to in a large field
Mulligan - A re-do shot common in non-tournament games.
Tee - A small device used to elevate the ball for the first shot
18; 72- The amount of holes in a round and in a standard tournament

Famous Locations

Augusta National Golf Course - Based in Augusta, Georgia. Home of The Masters (one of Golf's majors). Headed by Hootie Johnson and it is an all-male club. Golfer Bobby Jones created the tournament and course.
Old Course at St. Andrew's - Oldest golf course in the World, based in Scotland, part of rotation for the British Open (Golf Major). "Mecca" and "Scotland" are clues.
Pebble Beach - California golf course
Northernmost - Iceland; Highest Elevated - La Paz, Bolivia

Tournaments
The Masters - Held in Augusta, Georgia at the Augusta National Golf Course
The British Open/Open Championship - Held in a rotation of courses headed by St. Andrew's
The U.S. Open - Held in a rotation of courses, normally part of a clue not an answer. Beware, this is more often a TENNIS term
PGA Championship - Similarly held in a rotation, the only "Major" in which amateurs are barred from participating
Ryder Cup - A tournament held between U.S. and Europe, named for a seed merchant

Golfers
(I will add in descriptions for golfers later, but I have a general list of who I'm looking at. Suggest add-ins)

Arnold Palmer
Bobby Jones
Byron Nelson
David Duval
Ernie Els
Gary Player
Greg Norman
Jack Nicklaus
John Daly
Lee Trevino
Payne Stewart
Phil Mickelson
Sam Snead
Sergio Garcia
Tiger Woods
Tom Watson
Vijay Singh

Annika Sorenstam
Babe Didrikson Zaharias
Michelle Wie
Nancy Lopez

Golf Related Personalities (See Above):

Dwight Eisenhower
Bob Hope

Golf Films (see above):

Tin Cup
Caddyshack
Happy Gilmore

Not really related to golf, but Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland. Remembering the name of the famous golf course will help you if they ask about that.

For the football Pavlov, Phil Simms may be a worthwhile addition to the Giants, as a Super Bowl QB and a prominent CBS announcer. I may create a basketball one here, stay tuned.

Atlanta Hawks:
Dominique "The Human Highlight Film" Wilkins -- Had two legendary Slam Dunk Contest showdowns with Michael Jordan.
Spud Webb -- Short NBA player who won the 1986 Slam Dunk Contest
Boston Celtics: Won 17 championships. Huge rivalry with the Los Angeles Lakers.
Bill Russell -- All-time winningest player with 11 championships. Also the first black head coach.
Larry Bird -- Bird is the greatest white NBA player ever. Huge rivalry with Magic Johnson.
(Side note: Boasts two of my favorite nicknames ever: "Basketball Jesus" and "The Hick From French Lick")
Charlotte Bobcats:
Michael Jordan -- Currently owns the team.

Decided to look up Drew Brees in the J-Archive. Not surprisingly, he was the correct answer to two questions in 2010 (both worth $200). More surprisingly, twice in 2003 he gave audio clues for questions: one about football players, the other about college nicknames.

Sanders, among other things, was:
1) the only NFL player in history to score a touchdown all six ways that one can be scored: rush from scrimmage, pass reception, kickoff return, punt return, interception return, and fumble return
Other ways:
Returning a missed field goal (already mentioned)
Returning a fair catch kick
Returning a safety kick

Really not sure what you mean by this.

A "fair catch kick" (I'm guessing you mean a kick on which the returner signalled for a fair catch) by definition cannot be returned, so that's not possible.

A "safety kick" (again, I'm guessing you mean the kick that follows a safety, and is kicked by the team that just got scored against, and from its own 20 yard line) is either a punt or a kickoff (the kicking team's choice). IIRC that's called a free kick because even if they opt to punt there is no rush. In either event that would be considered no different than a traditional punt or kickoff for the purposes of this discussion. It's sort of like, when you count the ways a baseball player can get on base, usually intentional walk and unintentional walk are considered the same thing, "a walk."

I'm honestly not sure whether returning a missed field goal is considered the same as returning a kickoff or not, and also not sure whether returning a blocked field goal (or punt?) would be counted as similar to returning a fumble.

The source I read (which I don't now remember) listed only the six ways to score.

When a team that receives a kick successfully fair-catches it, instead of putting the ball in play via scrimmage they also have the option of kicking the ball from the point of the catch (with the requisite adjustment if it's outside the hash marks). Such a kick is considered a "free kick," and a tee may be used, with three exceptions:
The kicking team may not be the first to touch the ball after it is kicked, even if it travels more than ten yards
The kick may be attempted even if time has already expired in the half or game
A field goal may be scored on the kick

#s 2 and 3 are what make this interesting. If you're down by three or fewer points, and the opposing team kicks the ball to you as time expires (in the NFL this would mean a punt, since no time elapses on a fair-caught kickoff--the clock does not start until the ball is caught, and if it's a fair catch it doesn't start at all since the play is dead immediately--and they wouldn't attempt the initial kick unless there was already time left on the clock), then if it's short enough you may wish to opt for a fair catch and try to get a field goal on the fair-catch kick after time has expired, rather than attempt a return touchdown that, if the kick was short enough, probably has a much lower chance of success than the field goal.

Especially since, as a fair-catch kick is not a play from scrimmage, the ball does not get snapped the 7 or 8 yards back (adding to the distance of the kick) that it does on a normal field goal try.

And yes, a missed fair-catch kick may be returned like any other kick.

I just read this zombie thread for the first time, and I noticed in baseball it was mentioned that Bob Lemon was fired by George Steinbrenner twice. But whenever they mention Lemon, they also mention Billy Martin, who was fired a lot of times (they even made beer commercials about it, back in the day). I'd say the pavlov goes:

Yankees owner = The Boss = fired Billy Martin a lot = George Steinbrenner

Usually, they want Steinbrenner, but sometimes Martin. It might also help to know that Steinbrenner was a shipbuilder.
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Re: Pavlov revival

Post by dhkendall » Thu Jan 19, 2012 10:49 pm

Just looking through my list of Pavlovs and this thread (though I may have missed something), but I don't think we have a "literature Pavlov". Would do me real good right now as The Test starts in 10 minutes, and I learned that's a subject I need to study up on, but, hopefully if the Jeopardy! Gods smile on me tonight, and I get and pass the audition, I'd need a Literature Pavlov before I get on the show ktnxbye
"Jeopardy! is two parts luck and one part luck" - Me

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Re: Pavlov revival

Post by messyjesse » Tue Jan 24, 2012 2:02 pm

The "college athletics" Pavlov is nearing completion. I can post it here or elsewhere when it's done if you fine folks would feel so inclined to let me know.
"No man is an island, so they say, although the small crustaceans and the bird which sat impassively on Dirk Manhope's chest as he floated lazily in the pool would probably disagree."

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Re: Pavlov revival

Post by MinnesotaMyron » Fri Jan 27, 2012 10:52 pm

messyjesse wrote:The "college athletics" Pavlov is nearing completion. I can post it here or elsewhere when it's done if you fine folks would feel so inclined to let me know.
I for one would love to see it here.

-M

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